(Click thumbnails to view larger images)
The President needs Massachusetts to help defend Washington.
756. An excellent content and dramatic war date broadside, 9 x 13″, Boston, May 25, 1862 a proclamation by Governor John A. Andrew of Massachusetts summoning the militia to defend Washington following the news of Banks’ defeat at Winchester that day at the hands of Stonewall Jackson. The broadside warns in some of the more colorful language we have encountered in such documents: “The wily and barbarous horde of traitors to the People, to the Government, to our country, and to Liberty, menace again the National Capitol. They have attacked and routed Major-General Banks, are advancing on Harper’s Ferry, and marching on Washington.” The defeat had so unnerved Lincoln and his staff in Washington that they issued a general call of all state militias to come to Washington to prepare for its defense. “The President calls on Massachusetts to rise once more for its rescue and defense. The whole active Militia will be summoned by a General Order issued from the office of the Adjutant-General to report on Boston Common Tomorrow (MONDAY). They will march to relieve and avenge their breth[r]en and friends, to oppose with fiery zeal and courageous patriotism the progress of the foe…” Fortunately, the alarm was short-lived. Jackson reached Harper’s Ferry several days later, but sensing a trap, began pulling back to the southward, relieving the pressure on Washington…for the time being. Expected creases, fold separations expertly repaired on verso with archival tape, a few light dampstains, else very good. A great piece of history! (Est. $2,000-3,000)
757. Birney’s Zouaves! An excellent recruiting broadside, 12 x 17″, [Philadelphia, c. July 1862] bearing an eagle motif at top center beneath the heading “ATTENTION” and above “RECRUITS WANTED”, specifically for Company G of the 23rd. PA Volunteers (Birney’s Zouaves), then stationed at Harrison’s Landing, VA following the punishing battles of the Seven Days. The regiment would later see action at Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness Campaign, and Richmond. Marginal losses expertly repaired on verso with Japanese tissue, extremely light toning, very good. A rare, quite visual display piece! (Est. $4,000-5,000)
758. “RALLY To Avoid the Draft!” A wonderful, dramatic broadside organizing a rally on February 4, 1865, 1p. 12 1/2 x 10 1/2″, Ilion, [N.Y.],Feb. 3, 1865. Not so much a draft-card burning session in the sprit of a century later, but rather a rally to help fill the ranks with volunteers in order to avoid the need for a draft: “A meeting will be held at Osgoods’ Hall…to adopt definite measures to obtain Volunteers to fill the quota of this town, and to raise the necessary ready means for that purpose; all persons liable to draft, and all others desirous of a having the quota filled, are specially requested to attend…” Very light scattered foxing, small loss at bottom right not affecting text, else very good. (Est. $500-750)
759. Seeking to aid soldiers due payments for enlisting …and to make a fast buck for himself as a commission! Bold 6 x 8″ broadside on light brown paper (blank reverse) intended for circulation to veterans and veterans organizations, headlined “Please Read this To Your PostÖ $100 U.S. Bounty!! Now Due Many Soldiers.” Issued by “Freeman Emmons… Boston…” advising that “Any soldier that enlisted for three years [with various dates between 1861 and 1864] …who served less than two years and was discharged for injury, hurt or damage from violence such as rupture, sprain, fracture, frost-bite, sunstroke, etc. but not for disease or sickness and received no U.S. Bounty… now entitled to $100 U.S. Bounty! I believe… many soldiers over U.S. come under this provision… if you do, let me hear from you…” Minor aging, excellent. No doubt issued within a few years of the close of war, everyone was trying to cash on those who served! (Est. $250-500)
760. “JEFF. DAVIS’ CONFESSION!” A good anti-Confederate Broadside, 8.5 x 14″ bearing a lengthy ‘transcription’ of the original “found on the dead body of a rebel!” (Philadelphia: Alexander & Co., 1861). Irregularly trimmed with a few minor chips, else fine. (Est. $100-200)
761. Taking care of the soldiers recuperating or on leave. Broadside, 9 x 13.5″, for the Cooper Shop Refreshment Saloon in Philadelphia, advertising for volunteers to assist in its operations and appealing for all manner of food and money to aid their mission to provide comfort for Union troops. (Philadelphia: King & Baird, [n.y.]) Light marginal chipping, else fine condition. (Est. $100-200)
762. General George Washington talks to McClellan… and encourages him to fight! “General M’Clellan’s Dream.” Broadside 9 x 13.5″, an unusual variant of this imprint on deep-red paper, irregularly trimmed at margins. A fictional account of Lil’ Mac having a dream in which he is visited by Washington and told how to defeat the South. Some religious elements, generally supportive of McClellan, noting his slowness to battle… “Your time is short…” Now that he has been given this true vision, he can defeat the enemy in battle. An 1862 issue by Wesley Bradshaw, New York City. (Est. $200-300)
Archive of Joseph Totten, Army Chief of Engineers for 25 years, complete with hand-drawn schematics of military architecture.
763. TOTTEN, Joseph G. (1788-1864) Totten was the tenth graduate of the United States Military Academy and his military career spanned 62 years, for the last twenty-six of which he was chief engineer of the army. He served in the War of 1812 and the Mexican War and was brevetted brigadier general for gallant and meritorious conduct. He continued as chief engineer for the Union army and was brevetted major-general after he died from pneumonia. Totten’s amazing career spanned from Jefferson’s administration to Lincoln’s. The ca. 1855 archive includes a 12-page manuscript document, a treatise on defense construction and various grades of ordinance. There are three excellent schematics on blue paper. Also included is a document “On Drainage of Roofs of Arches”, in Totten’s hand, and states “Copy of a letter from Gen’l Totten to Cap. Cullem”. This document contains a 3-page fold-out of architechtural drawings. (Est. $1,500-2,000)
Amnesty in Texas.
764. Rare Texas Amnesty Oath signed only months after the Civil War ended: “I will…abide by and support all laws and proclamations which have been made during the existing rebellion with reference to the Emancipation of Slavery…” Printed Document signed by Edward Richfas, 9 x 8″, August 1, 1865, numbered 494, Galveston, Texas. In full: “I…do solemnly swear in the presence of the Almighty God that I will hereafter faithfully defend the Constitution of the United States and the union of States thereunder; and that I will in like manner abide by and support all laws and proclamations which have been made during the existing rebellion with reference to the Emancipation of Slavery, so help me God.” General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate army to General Grant on April 9, 1865 at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia. However, it was not until May of 1865 that the remaining Confederate forces surrendered and the nation is reunited as the war ends. During the summer of 1865 U.S. Army officers traveled the South administering “oaths of allegiance” to former Confederates. The oaths affirmed allegiance to the U.S. government and were a prerequisite for restoration of voter rights. Oaths had to be signed before the election of constitutional convention delegates on August 31, 1865. Two minor holes, otherwise fine. A rare, ephemeral item. (Est. $1,500-1,800)
A rare Confederate
broadside on how to
recognize a deserter!
765. An important and quite rare circular/broadside entitled “Head Quarters, Wheeler’s Cavalry Corps. March 14th, 1863. General Order, No. 4.” Ordered by Major-General Joseph Wheeler, these orders give ten responsibilities to Cavalry Commanders for roll calls and the guidelines for declaring a soldier a deserter. “All men who are considered deserters will be arrested. Company commanders will certify every Sunday to the Regimental commander that orders have been complied with.” Desertion was a constant problem in the Civil War for both the Union and the Confederacy, to the point that officers were not even enforcing regulations, resulting in these orders. One of the ways soldiers were encouraged to stay in the Army was through promotions. This order gives the basis for promotion as well as the “proper form to be used in recommendations for promotion.” Minor water staining, normal browning, discoloration/toning, 3.5 x 11.5″, overall fine… and quite scarce. (Est. $700-900)
766. Battle of Fort Steadman. A scarce handbill from the Army of the Potomac, 8vo., “Head Quarters, Ninth Army Corps”, Mar. 26, 1865 being Gen. Orders No. 3, the congratulatory order Genreal Parke issued to his troops upon their successful effort to prevent Lee’s final attempt to break out of Petersburg. In part: “…on March 25th… the enemy, having massed three Divisions in front of Fort Steadman… by a sudden rush broke the picket line… overpowered it and gained possession of the fort… [the enemy] then assaulted Fort Haskell and Battery 9, but was repulsed… with the loss of many killed and wounded, 1949 prisoners, including 71 commissioned officers, and nine stand of colors, and the entire line seized by him was reoccupied…the Major General commanding congratulates the Corps… which so brilliantly retrieved a momentary disaster and converted it into a victory…” Glue remnants on verso show through just slightly, else fine. (Est. $200-300)
767. Broadside, 8 x 13″ detailing the “DISTRIBUTION OF VESSELS OF THE SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON – October 15th, 1864.” The printed piece lists the location of each ship in the squadron – from Murrel’s Inlet to Pt. Royal – as well as ships that had been sent north for repair. It also details ships that were “Sunk or Stranded” along with those known to be “Captured.” A simple, elegant issue. (Est. $200-300)
768. “YE COPPERHEAD.” A sickly-sweet poem, printed onto a 6 x 12″ handbill, written “By One of Abraham’s Chosen Children.” In small part: “To the call of Uncle Abraham we cheerily all flew— Severed the ties which bound our hearts, bade cherished ones adieu And we will not brook the insults which are heaped upon our heads by the traitorous Northern cowards, the slimy ‘Copperheads.‘” Folds reinforced on verso with tape, else very good. (Est. $50-80)
769. An unusual anti-Confederate comical broadside, 5 x 13″ bearing a comical illustration of a motley brigade of misfits – Company A of Jefferson Davis’ “HOME SQUAD” listing the supplies required for each member including “6 Cut Glass Champagne Goblets.” , “1 Counterfeit Detector”, “4 Pairs Silk Stockings to come up to the knee, (lady’s size)”, “1 Green Silk Umbrella”, and…well you get the idea! Small nick at upper right margin, light creases, very good. (Est. $50-80)
Speaking on Bleeding Kansas
770. Fabulous, pre-war patriotic & political broadside. 14 x 13 1/2″ with displayed eagle at masthead, announcing an 1858 gathering: “Freemen Rally! Silas M. Burroughs, Will Address the Citizens of Two Bridges, Tuesday Evening, Ocober [sic] 19th, At 7 O’Clock P.M.” Silas Mainville Burroughs (1810-60), a New York Congressman, was on the stump helping to canvass for fellow Republicans. Just months prior to this rally, he delivered a rousing speech in the House of Representatives on the Kansas question. (As Lincoln discovered at this same time in debates with Stephen Douglas, resolving the slave/free state question was the issue of the day; the final of their seven debates took place in Alton just four days before this New York gathering.) No doubt those gathered in Two Bridges (now the town of Carlton) between Rochester and Buffalo were sympathetic to views expressed by the guest speaker…they overwhelmingly supported Lincoln two years later. Professional restoration to portion of lower left corner into “T”, has been professionally (archival) cleaned. Quite handsome. (Est. $600-800)
771. A good set of U.S. Army General Orders, 38p., 4.25 x 6.5″, 1850-55. Orders include notices of promotions, many of whom became well known on both sides of the Civil War a decade later. The August 7, 1850 General Orders (#52) note the promotions of Richard S. Ewell, Gouvernor K. Warren and Charles S. Winder. The promotions announced on October, 1850 included Edward O. C. Ord, John C. Pemberton, John Gibbon, Rufus Saxton, and William T. Sherman. Another set of announced promotions (1855) include Horatio G. Wright, Abner Doubleday, Henry W. Slocum, John M. Schofield, John F. Reynolds, John Pegram, Samuel P. Heintzelman, Lewis A. Armistead, and Archibald Gracie. Other general orders in the group include summaries of courts-martial, changes in regulations and pay structures, and similar subjects. Several of the orders are signed by Lorenzo THOMAS. Pin holes at left margin from binding, else fine. (Est. $100-300)
772. U.S. Army Colt Revolver Manual. A good set of U.S. Army General Orders, 11p. 4.25 x 6.5″, June 9 to July 3, 1855 including General Order No. 8, being the adoption of the “Manual for Colt’s Revolver” together with its imprint here in these orders consisting of five pages specifying the manual of arms to be used when using a Colt revolver geared specifically for cavalry use. An early printing of this manual. Offered with several other General Orders, one concerning promotions including those of future Civil War generals Godfrey Weitzel and Alexander S. Webb. Pin holes at left margin from binding, else fine. (Est. $100-300)
773. A good set of U.S. Army General Orders, 14p., 4.25 x 6.5″, March 26 to May 30, 1855 dealing a variety of issues including the organization of four additional regiments added to the Army listing the officers in those regiments which include some future Civil War generals including Edwin V. Sumner, Joseph E. Johnston, Braxton Bragg (all of the 1st Cavalry,; Albert S. Johnson, Robert E. Lee, William J. Hardee, Earl Van Dorn, George Stoneman (all of the 2nd Cavalry); Silas Casey, George E. Pickett and James J. Archer (of the 9th Infantry); and Charles F. Smith, William H. T. Walker, and Bernard E. Bee. Other orders concern supplies including a table headed “STATEMENT of the cost of Clothing, Camp and Garrison Equipage, and Horse Equipments…” together with a fold-out table “specifying the money value of the Clothing allowed to the Army of the United States…” Pin holes at left margin from binding, else fine. (Est. $100-300)
774. (Ulysses S. GRANT) A good set of U.S. Army General Orders, 8p., 4.25 x 6.5″, March 12 to 14, 1855 including General Order No. 2 noting the restoration of the rank of Lieutenant General, a rank that had been out of use since George Washington. The resolution reads in part: “…That the grade of lieutenant general be and the same is herby revived in the army of the United States, in order that when, in the opinion of the President and Senate, it shall be deemed proper to acknowledge eminent services of a major general of the army in the late war with Mexico, in the mode already provided for in subordinate grades, the grade of lieutenant general may be specially conferred by brevet, and by brevet only, to take rank form the date of such service or services…” Winfield Scott was brevetted to this rank following this resolution. However it would be Ulysses Grant who would be the first to attain this rank through full promotion. Other general orders in the set include a list of promotions including some future Civil War Generals including Rufus Ingals, O. O. Howard, James B. McPherson, Charles F. Smith, Philip Sheridan, as well as Winfield Scott’s promotion to Lieutenant General by brevet. Pin holes at left margin from binding, else fine. (Est. $100-300)
775. Crittenden Drunk on Duty! A good set of U.S. Army General Orders, 11p., 4.25 x 6.5″, Dec. 9, 1850 to Jan. 18, 1851 including text of the court-martial of then Major George B. Crittenden of “Drunkenness on duty.” The charges were brought following a series of incidents between June 1 and June 20, 1849 while he as commanding an expedition to Oregon in command of a squadron of mounted rifleman and a portion of its supply train in its march across the Nebraska Territory. Several times he was reported drunk at meetings of the Board of Survey and several times before his own men. On June 19, 1849 he was found to be “so drunk as to require assistance in crossing the ground on which said division was encamped, and whilst in this condition, was exposed to the view of the solders of his command…” Crittenden was found guilty on two of the seven charges and ordered “to be cashiered.” The charges were presented to President Millard Fillmore who commuted the sentence “to a loss of one month in rank“. His drunkenness continued through his service as a Confederate General in the Civil War. He would be arrested for this 1862 and resigned his rank soon afterwards. Other general orders include a set of promotions which include many future prominent generals including William E. Jones and John C. Pemberton. Pin holes at left margin from binding, else fine. (Est. $100-300)
776. A good set of U.S. Army General Orders, 22p.., 4.25 x 6.5″, dating between January and September, 1854 concerning pay for the rank and file of the army, pensions, bounty claims and the like. Of interest is a single page general order, signed by Adjutant General S. Cooper, being General Orders No. 1, Jan. 20, 1854 specifying seven changes to be “made in the uniform for enlisted men” including the substitution of “Sky Blue” for “Saxony Blue” for infantry uniform trimmings; “Metallic Scales will be issued to all arms in lieu of Epaulettes…A cord or welt of the prescribed color will be substituted for the cap bands, and coat facings, now used…Cord on the trousers will be dispensed with…The same button will be used for all corps, to wit: that now used for the Infantry, omitting the I in the shield…A jacket, according to pattern in the clothing bureau, will be substituted for the frock coat, for all mounted men…Letters and numbers on the horse equipments, will be dispensed with…” Pin holes at left margin from binding, else fine. (Est. $100-300)
777. A good pair of printed army circulars, 4to., Washington, December 3 & 17, 1864 from Winfield Scott Hancock and signed by his adjutant ANDERSON, Finely, issuing revised regulations for bounties and other enlistment issues. Light toning, glue remnants on verso, partial fold separation, else very good. Great content from Hancock in the field! (Est. $100-150)
778. (Lincoln Rifles) A very early war-date piece related to the Lincoln Rifles before its absorption into the 24th Illinois Infantry, an A.D.S. of Adjutant Matthew Marx, 4to., on Illinois Militia letterhead, Chicago, Apr. 21, 1861. A week after the fall of Fort Sumter Marx signs in receipt of “75 Blankets” and “75 Cups”. Organized in February 1861 by Hungarian-born Geza Mihalotzy, a veteran of the 1848 Hungarian uprising serving under Louis Kossuth, the Lincoln Rifles were stationed at Cairo, Illinois under the command of George. B. McClellan. This rifle company was consolidated into the 24th Illinois in June 1861. Light folds, else fine condition. (Est. $100-200)
Picking up the dead of Gettysburg.
779. A quite fine content and unsual broadside, 6 x 5″ on cardstock, Roxbury, [Mass.], [c. July, 1863] issued by undertaker S.T. King offering his services to “Persons wishing to send for the remains of friends or relatives who have fallen in any of the recent battles in Pennsylvania…” A short postscript assures potential clients that “Mr. King has made a number of trips to the different battle-fields for this purpose during the past year, and can give the best of references.” Important insight into the mechanics of how people arranged to have family remains transported from distant battlefields. Light spots, mounting remnants on verso, else very good. A rare (unique!) ephemeral item for those buried in their love of history!
780. Civil War patriotic advertising printed in red and blue advertising cheap Pennsylvania Coal (at $4.40 a ton… how can you go wrong?) and offering delivery in New York (below 50th St.) and in portions of Brooklyn. Bordered by patriotic motifs and a bust portrait of Winfield Scott. Fine.
781. Civil War advertising. A printed flyer in blue and red, measuring 4.5 x 8″ for “Brooks’ Military And Traveling Writing Case, weight but eight ounces.” Features a motif of flags in blue and red. A fun, ephemeral item! (Est. $40-60)
How a child saw his father’s generation…
782. Civil War pencil story with drawings – a child’s mock, illustrated newspaper! Fun, evocative, and certainly unique (one-of-a-kind!) 8p., both front and back, made into “The Quarterly Gazette, 1878.” This child’s mock newspaper is divided into three separate stories, a table of contents, an advertising section, as well as a cover. The stories are “The Adventures of Capt. Smith,” “The Battle of Sedan,” and “The Catamount II.” Accompanying the story of Capt. Smith are nine illustrations of various scenes – three illustrations are drawn for the other two. An excellent, personal tribute designed to interest the first, young generation following the War. (Est. $150-300)
783. The Mayor of New York pays for “milk furnished to police captains” during the 1863 Draft Riots! OPDYKE, George. (1805-80) Document Signed as Mayor, New York, September 18, 1863. A Broadway Bank check signed by the Mayor and co-signed by the New York City Comptroller, $14 paid for milk furnished police captains office with the words “Riot Damages” in bright red ink on the left margin. The draft riots, which claimed an estimated 1,000 dead and wounded, required troops who had just survived Gettysburg to return to quell the disturbances. The violence was sparked by newspaper listings of the names of men needed for the first Federal draft. Opdyke, who did not have legal control of the police and whose city was stripped of all troops, managed to get ordinary citizens to take up arms to end the fighting. He later fell under suspicion when he claimed personal (excessive) property losses. Small cancellation hole, a fun financial piece from the war! (Est. $150-300)
Substitute & Relief Committee form signed by the infamous “Boss” Tweed.
784. TWEED, William M. “Boss” (1823-78). Entering politics at an early age, Tweed became the boss of Tammany Hall, an organization which he used to form the “Tweed Ring,” one of the most corrupt political machines this country has ever seen. Tweed and his cronies ultimately bilked New York City out of tens of millions. A great document – part of the machinations to “opt out” of having to fight, signed by the politcal boss of all political bosses! (Est. $200-300)
785. Texas in the Civil War. A good collection of five (5) manuscript letters and documents from Texas theatre of operations, most bearing secretarial signatures. Includes a secretarial letter from Gen. Nathaniel Banks to Gen. Napoleon Dana, 1p. 8 x 13″, Aranas[?] Pass, Nov. 26, 1863 informing the latter that he has been “given no authority to raise troops on the Rio Grande except upon the basis of Colonel Davis’ command…the general condition of troops raised for Texas in regard to term of service, will be the same as other troops for the War…”; Also together with a copy of a letter from Napoleon Dana , 1p. 8 x 10″, Matagorda Peninsula, Jan. 28, 1864 to Gen. W. P. Benton advising him to “be very careful to provide against any attack, by water, on such transports as may at any time be lying at or near your wharf, and will keep your troops well on the alert…”; BROWN Hugh. G. A.L.S. 1p. 8 x 10″, Pass Cavallo, Mar 1. 1864 to Gen. Fitz Henry Warren at Indianola forwarding copies “of Proclamation from the comdg. Genl. of the Dept. with Genl. Order No. 14 and 15 from these head Qrs. with instructions, that when our troops evacuate Indianola, they be distributed about the town in such a manner as to insure against their falling into the hands of the rebels…” George H. DANA, A.L.S. 1p. 8 x 12 1/2″, “Hd Qrs 13th A.C.” Dec. 28, 63 to U.S. Consul J. Pierce Jr., U.S. Consul at Matamoros, Mexico advising him “It having been intimated to the Genl. comd’g that Mr Oetlins has called upon you with his naturalization papers he desires me to State that he has undoubted proofs in his possession that Mr Oetlins is not desirous of any protection from the U.S. Govt. or its representatives and…” More good content. Light toning, a few minor partial fold separations, else very good. (Est. $200-400)
786. Confederate Railroad ‘Scrip.’ An unusual note issued by the Western & Atlantic Rail Road, 4.75 x 2.25″, printed in black and red, Atlanta, June 2, 1862 for the amount of 50 cents “Received in payment of Taxes, and all Dues to the State, and to the Western & Atlantic Rail Road.” Punch cancellations, light toning and soiling, else very good. (Est. $80-120)
787. [Group Lot] Civil War Ephemera. An eclectic offering, including a hand-colored Magnus song sheet “Give us Back our old Commander” a plea for McClellan; a pair of McClellan campaign covers; A green 4 x 2″ card advertising Ford’s Hotel in Richmond, Va. from Reconstruction noting, “Prices Greatly Reduced to suit the Times.”; An interesting campaign biography in German for John W. Geary in Pennsylvania, Kurze Beschreibung der Jugendishare sowie der Militar und Civil Dienste des General Majors John White Geary… f¸r Gouverneur von Pennsylvanien. 1866. 31p.; An 1864 imprint, Speech of Hon. A. Harding of Ky., on the Restoration of the Union and The President’s Amnesty Proclamation and Plan of Reconstruction… February 27, 1864. 7p., uncut; Fernando WOOD, D.S. as Mayor of New York, 1p. 12 x 9″, New York, July 4, 1861, a bond for $500 for the Volunteer Soldiers Family Aid Fund; and a good piece of sheet music, “(Grant Will Do) Four Years More.” (Cincinnati: John Church & Co.). Condition ranges from good to fine with some marginal tears, dampstains and other minor faults. Together eight (8) pieces. (Est. $200-400)
788. Forward March! A 17 x 11″ lithograph, striking, brightly hand-colored image by Kellogg subtitled “Uncle Sam’s old Hens covering their chickens on the way to Richmond,” showing two steamboats with huge chicken wings and angry chicken heads, steaming down the river to Richmond as cavalry and infantry march on either side. Slight tear beneath caption, showing usual age, otherwise in excellent condition. A surreal, haunting image, colored with vivid yellows, reds, blues, and greens. A rare and desirable print. (Est. $500-700)
789. Incredible detail: Bull Run satirized. 19 1/2 x 13 1/2″ lithograph The Battle of Bull’s Run. An incredibly detailed, satirical lithograph, likely issued in 1861 following the debacle of the first major battle of the Civil War, Bull Run or First Manassas. There is incredible content in this piece with eighteen different identified elements captioned at the bottom – ranging from Zouaves and members of the New York 12th Regiment protecting the flag to a characterization of Senator Henry Wilson (later Grant’s Vice-President) turning his back on a wounded man, as well as the capture of Congressman Ely, a non-combatant. The drawings are somewhat crude and the spelling archaic – indicating a Southern origin, such as New Orleans. In one section, a Southern soldier exclaims: “You chach asses. You would give our slaves the liberty. Go home and remember your white shoemaker slaves at Synn, Mass.” (Prior to becoming president, Abraham Lincoln issued a statement supporting the right of workers to strike in Lynn, Massachusetts, a town famous for shoe production.) The bull is labeled “Expenses for 100 Mill. Bad Business Property, But No Sicurity.” Excellent condition save for a tiny chip at the top edge, cropped tight at bottom and a faint horizontal crease near the top. Clean and bright! (Est. $300-500)
790. Large and attractive civil war patriotic broadside. New Year’s Address and Business Record of the Printers Devil, 15 x 21″, printed by Tyler & Seagrave in Worcester, January 1, 1864. Lengthy prose on the state of the Union during the civil war, ending with “May treason sleep in a dishonored grave! Here’s our last wish – May God The Nation Save!” Small paper loss at the lower right margin with no loss of text, a couple of marginal tears as expected, otherwise fine. Ideal for display. A sizable patriotic piece likely issued by a local printer as a New Year’s celebratory issue. (Est. $500-750)
We’re not playing around…
this Civil War game/puzzle is rare!
791. Anti-Jeff Davis Jigsaw Puzzle! Civil War era jigsaw puzzle, measuring 8 1/2 x 12″, attributed to Kellogg of Hartford, CT. This unique memento depicts a bearded and mustachioed soldier identified as “Jeff”, allegorically representing Jeff Davis as well as the generic Rebel solider. Viewed from one position (“Jeff Rampant” in “War”), flanked by four military vignettes, a four-line stanza describes the heroic exploits of the noble Confederate (“With lion heart and frantic mien, The warrior seeks the battle scene, To risk his precious blood and fight, For glory and his vaunted right.”) Turn the puzzle upside down, and Jeff becomes a jackass. Four vignettes show him returning to bucolic vistas in time of “Peace.” The verse reads: “But when he hears the cannon roar, And views the dying in his gore, His courage fails and then alas! He homeward travels like an ass.” Likely issued after the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863, payback-time for the Union army after many humiliating defeats and battlefield routs. Hand-colored lithograph, each section mounted to a die-cut wooden piece. Lightly toned with some very minor damp stains, restoration to one piece of the puzzle, else a fine example. (Est. $300-400)
Relics, Accoutrements, Equipment
The single cleanest copy we have seen… the most famous “relic” book for the Lincoln bibliophile… with fabric from Mary Todd Lincoln’s childhood home!
792. The True Story of Mary, Wife of Lincoln, Katherine Helm. (Harper & Brothers, NY: 1928.) Limited (First) Edtion, #140 of 175, with inlaid red damask swatch on cover. 310p., pages remain untrimmed, interior remains a clean, tight copy. Katherine Helm (1857-1937) was the daughter of Emilie Todd Helm and Ben Hardin Helm. Emilie was the younger half-sister of Mary Todd Lincoln. The fifteenth of Robert Todd’s sixteen children, Emilie was but three years old when Mary left their Lexington home. During the Civil War, Ben Hardin Helm, a Confederate general, was killed at the battle of Chickamauga. After her husband’s death, Emilie and her daughter Katherine stayed with the Lincolns at the White House. Emilie also knew the Lincolns quite well from a stay in Springfield in 1855-6. In 1928, Katherine Helm published The True Story of Mary, Wife of Lincoln based on her mother’s recollections, diary and articles Emilie had written about her relationship with the Lincoln family. Though a rather sentimental work, the book still provides an intimate glimpse into the life of Mary Lincoln. It was published in two editions, a trade edition and a special limited printing of 175 copies. The limited edition is unique in that laid onto the front cover is a 6 1/2 x 3″ piece of red damask material taken from a drapery panel that hung in the Robert Todd home in Lexington when Mary Todd Lincoln was a child. The drapery material was preserved in the Todd and Helm families. Thus the rarity of the book results not only from the small number of copies printed, but through the relic preserved on the cover as well. This is the brightest copy found! (Est. $1,500-2,000)
793. A fine presentation grade Model 1850 Union foot officer’s sword. Manufactured during the War, swords of this style and construction were quite popular — given to high-ranking field officers such as generals and colonels. Overall the sword measures 40″ from the tip to the base of the blade while the hand guard has a very large US cast within an ornate floral pattern of branches and leaves. The scabbard of our sword is constructed of metal with brass furniture that bears all the prescribed hallmarks of a presentation sword with the hanger bases and drag being unusually cut and engraved with patriotic shields, US markings and
pleasingly designed accents. Recently obtained by our consignor from an estate of an important Civil War officer, the sword has never been cleaned and therefore has some negligible little rust spots, just normal wear overall. (Est. $1,200-1,800)
794. A Federal-issue Tower-Enfield rifle with locking bayonet. Six-feet tall with bayonet affixed, gun stands 55″ tall. Marked “1863” on plate to firing mechanism, light typical age, cracks, patina to wood stock, sights intact, overall a superior example. A really nice display piece; our militaria consultant infoms us this evocative piece is as “right as rain!”
795. Civil War bayonet made for use with a 58 caliber Springfield rifle. Locking mechanism intact, a really fine specimen. (Est. $100-150)
796. Union soldier’s eagle breast plate (65mm.) found during a dig at the Drewry’s Bluff battlefield on the site of the main battle line. Slightly bent with crack at top center otherwise presents quite well. (Est. $100-150)
797. An interesting and unusual battlefield relic, a 4 x 2″ fragment of a Confederate wallpaper envelope recovered at Kelly’s Ford, VA on November 8, 1863. Inscribed on the verso: “Kelleys [sic] ford, Va. Nov. 8, 1863 on the field taken by the 3d Corps. E.M.B[arton].” Found in the collection of E. M. Barton, a relief worker related to Clara Barton of Red Cross renown. (Est. $150-300)
798. A complete set of Civil War-era dominoes in a 6 1/2 x 2 x 2″ wooden box. Each piece bears an ivory top affixed at center by a rivet to a piece of dark wood. (Est. $150-200)
799. THIS is the actual WORKING model! An interesting and very unusual piece, a patent model produced by J.G.F. Grote for his 1864 patent of a “Spring Mattress – Head Sections.” This design was issued a patent April 19, 1864 and is numbered on the original U.S. Patent Office tag “43,369”. This model features a spring lock to release a platform bed recessed into a trunk when collapsed down. Patent models were required for all submissions from 1790 until 1880 when the practice was suspended due to the enormous expense of shipping such objects to the office (at the government’s expense!) and the vast amount of room required to house them. Thousands of these models had already been destroyed in two successive fires in 1863 and 1877. After the office ceased accepting the models, Congress ordered the remaining collection sold in 1925. Some found their way to the Smithsonian, while others were returned to their owners, and others destroyed. Usual wear, else very good, an unusual relic — no doubt designed to enable comfort in camp! (Est. $200-300)
800. [Identified Soldier’s Relics] The personal equipment of a young, Union combatant. A fine collection of New Hampshire infantryman John Long’s uniform parts and accoutrements including his kepi (made by W. E. Walsh & Sons, Albany), cartridge box (with tin lining still intact); leather cap box; a cross belt with buckle; a leather belt with eagle buckle; and a “U.S.” belt buckle with a large hole at right, clearly produced by the impact of a mini-ball! Usual wear and tear, some fraying to kepi, else quite good condition. Accompanied by a ninth-plate cased tintype of this young soldier, all descended through and obtained from the Long family. A nice, evocative display grouping. (Est. $750-1,000)
801. An immediate post-Civil War relic, a wooden frame knap-sack covered in leather bearing a large number “14” in white on the back, “I-23” on the side and reverse. Minor tears and the expected wear, else good. A fun display piece. (Est. $100-150)
802. Identified Union Soldier’s Canteen. A 8″ diam. tin canteen with canvas cover and strap bearing the initials “W. N.” on the spout, having belonged to Weed Nims of the 12th Iowa. Nims enlisted in September 1861, was captured at Shiloh April 6, 1862 and left the army the following October. Nice. (Est. $400-600)
803. A Civil War “bullseye” canteen with star on face and original cork stopper intact. These are getting harder to source in such excellent condition, just a few typical dents, overall a great display piece. The perfect, functional relic for you to keep your vichyssoise! (Est. $300-500)
804. Civil War Tinware. A set of three pieces of tin ware from the Civil War including a plate (8″ diam.), a cup (4 1/2″ tall), and a pail (6″ tall). The pail and cup both bear some restorative work and some minor cracks, overall very good. (Est. $100-150)
805. A good lot of Civil War-era flatware including two, three and four pronged forks and a 13 1/2″ knife. All bear bone handles. Expected wear. (Est. $100-150)
806. A 10″ tall bitters bottle in the form of a log cabin marked “S. Drake’s 1860 Plantation X Bitters” at top. The verso reads “Patented 1862”. Amber glass, a fun item! (Est. $200-300)
807. Lead Mini Ball Ladle. A 14 1/2″ long iron ladle with wood handle designed for pouring lead into a bullet mold. The top of the label bears the credit “Monroe’s Patent”, circa 1864. Back of ladle cracked, typical oxidation, else very good.
808. Spade Bayonet. An unusual piece, a “spade bayonet” or “trowel bayonet” designed to fit on the top of a rifle to be used for entrenching and could double as a weapon in a pinch. Probably designed for the 1873 Springfield rifle. 16″ long, crack repaired at center, edges sharp, even oxidation. (Est. $200-300)
809. Union Belt and Belt Buckle. A leather belt with a brass “U.S.” buckle, minor, typical dents evidencing good use, very good. (Est. $200-300)
810. Union Cap Box. Original leather cap box with brass pin clasp at bottom and “U.S.” brass plate on face. One belt loop on rear broken, surface losses to leather, otherwise fine. (Est. $200-300)
811. Three (3) “Soldier’s Friends.”
The only instance we have ever encountered one of these dates to an E.A.H. auction ten years ago (lot #1153, 10/10/98) – a single example selling then for $275. Their catalog represented an identical piece as: “Wonderful Civil War Soldier’s Keepsake. Circa 1862 ‘Soldier’s Friend,’ a small brass container consisting of two pieces that slide over each other to create a compact keepsake holder that measures only 28mm long. Inside is a small, silver religious statuette.” We defer to their expertise on the matter as we have no familiarity with these. Presented here are three examples: two in brass, one in white metal. Given a “price history” of only one sale, theoretically a lot worth $750+. But…we won’t even speculate on this! (OPEN)
812. A 46-star American flag, 92 x 59″, c. 1906-7, bearring hand-sewn stars in the blue field. Light folds, a few very minor holes at top in stripes, else fine. (Est. $200-250)
Numismatica, Exonumia, Philatelic
A superb example – the scarcest presentation of the masterpiece in medallic art!
813. The classic Brenner plaque, this issued in very small numbers with the decorative rope border for display as a piece to be hanged. The classic Victor David Brenner bas-relief copper plaque, “Abraham Lincoln 1809-1865.” 7 x 9 1/2″, with 1907 copyright incused at side, this example enjoys a rich patina – quite lovely in appearance, some light surface scratches detract little. Brenner (1871-1924), a native of Lithuania, is best known as the designer of the Lincoln penny. (Interestingly, his initials first appeared on the cent in 1909, at the bottom of the back side of the cent. It was removed in the second half of 1909 only to reappear on the shoulder in 1918. Don’t ask us why…contact your local numismatist!) We sold a particularly fine example mounted on a marble base four years ago for $3,000. This specimen is equally desirable. (Est. $1,500-2,000)
814. Another example of the classic Brenner plaque, this on the original green marble base – which is now separated from the plaque (needing screws to be replaced). Some surface verdigris and pitting, original t-bar still in place. An original issue with copyright date and artist attribution.
815. Another example of the classic Brenner plaque, this specimen with a deep brown patina, light tone darkening in areas, a superior hallmarked piece. This work of art was issued with a small loop forged into the verso for hanging. (For reference, Rago Fine Arts of New Jersey auctioned an example in May for $3,500.) These remain in great demand. (Est. $1,200-1,500)
The American Institute’s prize medal for 1865 – issued to a company still in business!
816. A 58mm. silvered bronze medal housed in custom, thermoplastic case as issued, some rim dents, inscribed on verso to the recipient: “Awarded to R. Hoe & Co. for Copying Press Stands. 1865.” Numerous examples of this medal were awarded, but, as an important prize/trophy, each was unique in terms of the recipient and accompanyng engraving. We’ve seen examples awarded for everything from hot water heaters to new printing techniques. The American Institute first issued these prestigous medals in the early 1830s, featuring the same design through the 1870s. They were originally awarded in handsome gutta percha cases that resembled daguerrotype frames. George Lovett of NYC did the obverse. (His son, Robert, did the dies for the Confederate cent and numerous Civil War tokens!) Photography was a field that enjoyed numerous technological advances in this period and the American Institute recognized several advances. R. Hoe & Co., Inc. was founded during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson in New York. At that time, R. Hoe & Company manufactured the first production printing presses in America. Born in England in 1784, Robert Hoe studied carpentry before immigrating to the U.S. in 1803. Upon arrival, Hoe met Matthew Smith and together they formed Smith, Hoe & Company in 1805 in New York City, specializing in the manufacture of wooden hand presses. Following the death of Smith, Hoe took over the company and changed its name to R. Hoe & Company in 1822. He continued to manufacture printing presses and along with his sons made numerous improvements upon existing machinery. In 1827, Hoe bought and improved Samuel Rust’s patent for a wrought iron framed press and began manufacturing it as the “Washington” press. After his death in 1833, his sons Richard and Robert undertook daily operation and are credited with obtaining patents for numerous innovations. Consequently, R. Hoe & Company firmly established its products as superior to those of European design. The work of R. Hoe & Company helped facilitate the rapid and cheap production of newspapers. The company continued to grow into the 20th century. During World War II, they began to manufacture parts for weapons. After the war, however, the price of Hoe stock dropped and by 1969 the company was forced to claim bankruptcy. Throughout the 1970s, the Hoe factory was dismantled while the board focused on revitalizing the saw-making aspect of their business. In 1984, Pacific Saw and Knife purchased R. Hoe & Co. to form Pacific-Hoe Saw and Knife Company. It is still in operation today. This medal is an exceptional piece of exonumia… awarded to a company whose name still resonates! (Est. $500-750)
817. In solid gold! The 1927 Thomas Elder 18K-gold Lincoln token. (King #1043) This small, 14mm., gold token was produced by the well-known coin dealer Thomas Elder late in his career. The obverse has a bust of Lincoln facing left with the inscription ABRAHAM LINCOLN 1927. The reverse has a wreath along the border with the inscription A TOKEN. Virtually uncirculated condition. The last example sold for $430 (Heritage, lot #22, 2/27/07). About as choice a specimen as found. (Est. $300-400)
818. Two (2) 1918 silver half-dollars issued to commemorate the Centennial of the State of Illinois. 30mm., bright, a fine pair with a wonderful Lincoln profile. (Est. $250-400)
819. Sterling silver, one by Tiffany! Two (2) sterling silver awards from the 1909 Centennial, one issued by J.E. Caldwell & Co., an award issued by the Philadelphia Public Ledger, the other from Tiffany & Company for The New York Times, an award “For Merit in Essay on Abraham Lincoln 1909.” Typical age/tarnish, a fine pair of newspaper awards. (Est. $150-200)
820. Civil War and political token group. An example of AL-1864-56, 19mm., noting “O.K.” Also: a 19mm. “Army & Navy” token; an 1863 storecard for John Schuh’s Saloon in New York; and an 1863 storecard from Gustavus Lindenmueller, a New York barkeep, who put large numbers of his own cents in circulation. A fun group. (Est. $80-120)
821. A numismatic rarity…made from macerated currency! LARGE, 85mm. disk, stamped on verso “Made of Money Destroyed by U.S. Treasury Estimated at $2000, National Currency Souvenir Co., 217 Sixth Street SE, Washington, D.C.” Regulations direct banks to exchange worn-out currency in exchange for fresh examples. The well-worn money is sent to Washington and “macerated.” We don’t know how the obsolete stuff is disposed of today, but before the Second World War, it was recycled into souvenir sculptures. The first example of this design we’ve seen! (Est. $200-250)
822. A 76mm. medal commemorating the 1937 opening of the Lincoln Tunnel, “For a Further Unification of the People” (at least those living in New York and New Jersey!). (Est. $40-80)
823. A scarce 76mm. high-relief medal from the 1933 Century of Progress Chicago World’s Fair. Light age, a tough example of numismatica. (Est. $40-60)
824. One of the prettiest designs: the 76mm. bronze issued from the Hall of Fame for Great Americans at New York University, marked Anthony de Francisci, Sc. (MACO). A clean example. (Est. $40-60)
825. “REUNION” of North and South medal. (King #783.) 62.7mm., Henning Ryden, Sc., struck by C.H. Hanson. A very clean example. (Est. $40-60)
826. 76mm. U.S. Mint medal by George T. Morgan. An older example, some rub/cleaning, an attractive substantial piece with heft. (OPEN)
827. Group Lot. Six (6) larger medals: an unusual specimen from the Hotel Lincoln in Paris; one with an affixed loop at top after the work by Volk; the desirable issue from the opening of New York’s Lincoln Tunnel in 1937; a G.A.R. medal celebrating the 1909 celebration; a fine high-relief medal; and an extrememly desirable piece…an 1886 U.S. Mint medal, approx. 3″ in diameter, in exceptionally fine condition with just two spots of toning, housed in the original velvet-lined case (the first we’ve encountered with leather case). An exceptionally fine selection. (Est. $300-500)
828. Group Lot. Eight (8) fobs including several 1920s awards from the Pittsburgh Press, together with another seven (7) medals from various celebrations and anniversary events worthy of commemoration. A nice selection, fifteen (15) items in total.
829. Republican National Convention medal group. Six (6) specimens: 1912, 1944, 48, 52, 56, and ’60. A fine assemblage; interestingly, given wartime shortages, the example from the 1944 Chicago Convention was made of hardened plastic rather than metal needed for more pressing
830. The Lincoln Tribute Book…Together with A Centenary Medal by Roine. (G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York: 1909.) A fine example of M-1763 with inserted medal in titled red cloth. The book is about as clean a copy as to be found, the 32mm. silver plated bronze medal is quite fine. (Est. $100-150)
831. (JACQUEMART, Jules-Ferdinand) An excellent 8 x 4.5″ etching – the recto and verso of S. Ellis’ Lincoln Peace Medal accomplished by Jacquemart (1837-80), one of the greatest etchers of the 19th-century, famous for his renderings ‘objet d’art’. Printed on a 14 x 10.5″ heavy rag sheet. Very fine condition. (Please refer to lot #592 in this sale!) (Est. $100-200)
832. A SCARCE and necessary reference source: Lincoln in Numismatics by Robert P. King. Reprinted 1966 by Token and Medal Society from issues of the Numismatist, (Feb. 1924, Apr. 1927, and Aug. 1933),145p., illustrated, ex-Library stamp on free end-paper, a few notes penned into text, nicely custom bound in red cloth with gold titling. Before Sullivan/DeWitt, there was King. His Lincoln token and political medal/ferro numbers are still used by some of the “old-timers” and cited in most early auction catalogs. Material is listed in distinct categories: campaign; Emancipation Proclamation; memorial; commemorative. No copies available on the internet, a tough work to find. (Est. $100-200)
833. RALEIGH AND GASTON STOCK SIGNED AS PRESIDENT BY CONFEDERATE GENERAL LAWRENCE O’BRYAN BRANCH 1853, North Carolina. Stock certificate for 1 share, woodcut vignette of an early steam locomotive. Signed as president by Branch. Uncancelled and Very Fine. (Est. $400-500)
834. CHARLOTTE COUNTY, VIRGINIA – CONFEDERATE WAR BOND 1864. Rare Confederate bond issued to the Merchants Insurance Company of Richmond. On blue paper, 8 x 6″ with an impressed seal on the left, this simple looking certificate signed by A. Marshall, William A. Smith on front and John C. Sinton on verso was issued for the”relief of indigent soldiers and sailors of the State of Virginia, who may have been or may be disabled in the military service, and the widows and minor children of soldiers and sailors who may have died or may hereafter die in said service…“. Light toning at crease, else Fine. (Est. $300-400)
835. NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD STOCK ISSUED TO AND SIGNED ON VERSO BY JAY COOKE, JR. New York. Stock certificate, in blue and black. Engraved vignette of a steam locomotive at top center, nice portrait vignette of Frederick Billings at bottom. Issued to and signed on verso by Jay Cooke as Trustee. (Est. $500-750)
836. Montgomery County State of Virginia $1000 Bond 1863. Bond certificate #21 payable at the Office of the Bank of the Valley in Virginia at Christiansburg. Signed by David G. Douthat, J.P. and J.M. Wade, Clerk. Brown age-toned giving it an appearance of old money, with 6 attached bonds. A beautiful presentation and Very Rare. Choice! (Est. $300-400)
837. [Group Lot] Payable “Two Years After the Ratification of a Treaty of Peace with the United States.” Confederate Bonds. Three (3) 11 x 8″ uninscribed $1,000 6% “non-Taxable Certificates” as approved by the Rebel government February 17, 1864. Printed by B. Duncan of Richmond, these pristine financial notes include a halcyon scene of a shepherd minding his sheep. (Odd such an idyllic engraving would adorn a war bond!) Three great examples! (Est. $200-300)
838. A set of four (4) Confederate notes including two $10 notes, one from 1861 the other, 1864, a $20 from 1861 as well as a $50 from 1863. Overall, the notes bear the usual wear and creases, overall very good. (Est. $100-150)
839. A pair of Confederate notes, one for $10 the other for $100. Offered together with a piece of fractional currency (50¢) bearing a portrait of Lincoln. Heavy wear, toned, folds and some marginal losses to each. (Est. $100-150)
840. A fine specimen of the 50-cent fractional currency note of 1863 printed by American Bank Note. Red inked seal, blue design on verso, a nice example with light, typical age/markings. (Est. $70-90)
841. An engraved specimen sheet, this being “Plate 3” bearing the numbers and associated images for the “$5 Green Back”, “$20 Green Back”, “$10 National Currency”, and “$10 Green Back” (being a portrait of Lincoln). Extremely fine, on heavy stock. (Est. $100-150)
842. A pair of illustrated covers bearing an ink and wash portrait of Lincoln set on a red, white and blue shield by an unidentified artist. Both cancelled Feb. 12, 1947, one in Lincoln, Mass. the other in Lincoln, N.H. Two pieces, fine condition. (Est. $50-75)
843. The Meserve souvenir stamp issue…EACH post-marked from “Lincoln” towns all across the country! A really fun collection: twelve (12) covers, each bearing two different examples of Frederick Hill Meserve’s photo stamps, mailed in 1945 from such cities as Lincoln, VA; Lincoln, TX; and like-named towns in NM, AL, NE, MI, MA, KS, CA, IL, IN, and IA. Each envelope intact and quite clean. This assemblage must have taken some real ingenuity and effort! (OPEN)
844. A good pair of medals including a solid sterling silver proof of the official bicentennial for the state of Illinois bearing a portrait of Lincoln housed in an FDC for the National Governor’s Conference. Offered together with a medal honoring Gutzon Borglum housed in an FDC for Mount Rushmore bearing a hand painted rendering of the same below the medal. Two pieces in very fine condition. (Est. $40-60)
845. A fine set of twelve (12) illustrated first day covers by noted cover artist, Ralph Dyer. Each FDC bears an elaborate, vividly colorful and appropriately thematic illustration accomplished in ink and watercolor and signed “R. Dyer”. Subjects include the Lincoln-Douglas Debates, the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation, the Lincoln Sesquicentennial, the 1963 Paris Postal Convention. Most accomplished in the early 1960s. Together, twelve pieces in very fine condition. PLEASE see the color pictures on the internet! (Est. $100-300)
846. The “Immortal American” souvenir stamp issue, each on a first-day-cover for the 3-cent 1940 Lincoln issue and post-marked from “Lincoln’s New Salem.” (The town where Lincoln was Postmaster 1833-6!) Another fun collection: ten (10) covers, each intact and quite clean. (OPEN)
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