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Civil War Correspondence & Diaries

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“The Government is afraid of the naked truth… fighting Joe Hooker showed himself incapable.”

701. GREAT content five page ALS from John A. Fox, Headquarters, 2nd Mass. Regt., Stafford Court House, VA, May 15, 1863. To his brother William, the combatant writes “We have just finished another short and not over brilliant campaign – I suppose you have read plenty of newspaper accounts of it and I am very sorry since you have taken the trouble to read them that they are not worth a ____! Whether the Government is afraid of the naked truth or whether interested parties control the reporters I don’t know – but I do know that black is made to appear white and will worsen … To sum the whole up in a few words, we started on a campaign which seemed well planned and which was conducted with a commendable secrecy and every prospect of success until the afternoon of Saturday May 2nd when it suddenly appeared and continued to be manifest through the next day that the head that had planned lacked the capacity to execute when the time was short and the exigency great – in fact fighting Joe Hooker showed himself incapable in the very emergency in which his admirers expected him to be the most successful that is in the heat of battle. The enemy were placed in a critical position by a mere stroke of luck and through cowardice of the Dutch Corps they gained a slight temporary advantage. But the advantage was so slight and so temporary that 1/2 the troops which were held in reserve and who never smelt powder could have turned what proved virtually a defeat into a decided victory. Through the Providence of God we were enabled to re-cross the river in safety and we now occupy our old Camps. I am physically and mentally in very low condition but am building up slowly. I had good fortune to meet Blake just after re-crossing the river and had a long talk with him. I had not met him before for two years. I think him much improved though he still remains rather a matter of fact individual – he is cool and plucky and I think makes a good soldier. Blake is in Sickles Corps the 3rd, which with the 5th Meade’s and ours, the 12th did all the fighting with the exception of that at Fredericksburg which was done by the 1st Sedgewicks Corps. The Fox family had their usual good fortune neither you nor I getting a scratch. I am sorry to say we lost some very fine officers. Our loss was 23 killed 99 wounded 116 wounded and missing and ten missing we carried 420 men into the fight. I wish you would send me your photograph and Eliza’s and John’s. You can’t think how much pleasure is derived from the contemplation of such things here. Write to me when you can. Excuse my delinquencies in correspondence remembering that it is always pretty hard to write here and especially when suffering physically and mentally from the effect of such work as that of the last ten days. Love to all, yours, John.” The 1863 campaigns open along the Rappahannock in the final days of April as Burnside’s replacement, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, leads the Army of the Potomac upstream to slip around Lee’s left flank. Lee responds aggressively and during the first week of May wins what has been called his greatest victory. That victory is costly, because, Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded, but it gives the Confederate the opportunity to march northward into Pennsylvania. The Army of the Potomac follows, and, now under Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s direction, gives Lee a stinging defeat at Gettysburg on July 1-3. Fox enlisted on January 6, 1862 as a 2nd Lieutenant into I Co., MA 2nd Infantry. The 2nd MA served decisively in numerous battles including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. Fox received numerous promotions, breveted a major in March 1865. A clean, substantial missive! (Est. $400-500)

702. Archive related to the Civil War career of General Edward W. Whitaker – with two confiscated letters from Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s files with a letter signed by Dr. Hunter McGuire, Stonewall Jackson’s surgeon.

Edward Washburn Whitaker (1841-1922) was one of four brothers who enlisted in Union Regiments in the Civil War. Edward and Daniel enlisted together in Connecticut or New York regiments, William in a New Hampshire regiment, and George enlisted in a California unit and served in New Mexico. Edward fought in 82 engagements during the course of the war. He was slightly wounded at Falling Waters, MD, by shrapnel. While running at a gallop at Five Forks, Virginia, his horse fell on him, and caused him to have a life long groin and back injury. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions at Reams Station, VA, on June 29, 1864: “While acting as an aide voluntarily carried dispatches… to Gen. Meade, forcing his way with a single troop of Cavalry, through an Infantry division of the enemy in the most distinguished manner, though he lost half his escort.” During the Civil War, he was also Chief of Staff to General George A. Custer and bore the flag of truce at Appomattox. At the age of 23, Edward W. Whitaker was the youngest General in the Civil War. A fine grouping of 19 items: (1) ALS “Joe C,” 2p., Ellston, S.C., June 12, 1861, to his brother, H.H. Chappell. In part, “I see accounts of fighting in Virginia every day from some paper I expect you will have some hot work before very long. I have understood that President Davis has notified old Abe to move his dwellings out of Virginia soil and if he does not you may look out for hot work from all accounts President Davis is determined to take Alexandria an Washington. The Ladies of this neighbourhood has or about to form a company to make clothes for the volunteers of So. Ca. there are about twenty now…” Light stains, folds. (2) ADS “John B. Cocke/AAAG,” Head Quarters 5th Brigade, July 9, 1861. In full, “The Quartermaster of the 19th Regiment will furnish the Company of said Regiment a wagon for the purpose of carrying provisions from Mannassas to said Regiment.” On July 21, 1861, just 12 days later, the First Battle of Manassas, also known as the First Battle of Bull Run, took place. A Confederate victory, it was the first major land battle of the Civil War. (3) ALS “Sergt. E.W. Whitaker” in pencil, 4p., Headquarters, H.L.C., Reg’t Co. D, Camp Palmer, Near Arlington House, Virginia, November 7, 1861. To his sister, Hattie, with postscript signed “Edward.” He lists his mailing address in ink as “Sergt. E.W. Whitaker/Co. D. Harris Light Cavalry/Washington D.C.” In part, “Stockings will come in handy as I have lost some of mine, if the boys can get the Box to Willimantic anyway I can pay the Expressage on it…I am in Hopes of receiving the Box by Thanksgiving Day if it is on the 28th of the month. Dont let the moths get into my cloths yet. I may get wounded, discharged or something and have a chance to wear them soon. No body knows what wont happen.” President Lincoln had ordered government departments closed on Thursday, November 28, 1861, for “a local day of Thanksgiving.” Two years later, he proclaimed the last Thursday in November as a day of Thanksgiving, a national holiday, and it has been celebrated ever since. (4) Three Partly printed Documents each signed by an officer by command of General Irwin McDowell, “Clarence S. Brown/Major & ADC,” Head-quarters, 2nd N.Y. Volunteer Cavalry, McDowell’s Division, December 1861 to January 1862. Permission to “Pass Sergeant and party of This Regiment to Washington and to return,” “Pass Sgt Castle of Company D Regiment Cavalry to Washington to return at 6 o’clock P.M.,” and “Pass Corporal Cowles of Company D Regiment Cavalry to Washington to return at 7 o’clock P.M.” December DS has light stains and folds, else fine. One January DS has numerous creases, the other has numerous folds and stains and gouges in the upper and lower margins. (5) ALS “Charles D. Snell” in light pencil, 3 pages, 5″ x 8″, front and verso. Washington, January 12, 1862. Colorful patriotic stationery, to his sister. In part, “I hafto stand out on gard nites…it is sickley out hear a good many have dide I sometimes think that I shal never com home again…” (6) Two Partly Printed DsS “S. Rachel,” Brig. Quartermaster, each an original with the identical information, “List of Quartermaster’s Stores, &c delivered by S. Rachel, A.H. Brig’s Quartermaster U.S. Army to Daniel Whitaker, Lt & Acting Quartermaster U.S. Army at Camp near Ball’s Cross Road, on the 22nd day of September, 1862.” Delivered were 7,932 pounds of Oats and 6,701 pounds of Hay. Daniel Whitaker was killed in action on June 17, 1863. Folds, else fine. (7) ALS “Alfred A. Snell” in pencil, 4p., Camp Morris, Ft McHenry, October 5, 1862. Pictorial letterhead with vignette captioned “View of Federal Hill, Baltimore.” To his sister and his father, in part “We had a slice of bread as big as my hand and one cup of coffee at night we had about one teacup full of rice and a table spoon full of sugar on it and a slice of bread and some coffee the coffee I can’t stomach it is poor stuff. I had some good corn… I like to hear how the crops and things at home get along. I want a pair of good calf or hip boots for if they begin to give out I can’t get them fixed here some of the boys have drawen new clothes…but I hav’nt...” (8) ALS “Alfred A. Snell”, 3p., Fort Marshall, March 22, 1863, letterhead depicting George Washington captioned “A Southern Man!/with/Union Principles.” To his sister and father, in part, “What do the folks up there think about the war. I think that if it aint ended before a great while that there will be a few deserters to be picked up if they can get them there was 35 deserted out of one regt within 6 days after the last pay day...” (9) ALS “Edward”, 4p., Head Quarters Third Div. C.C., Gainsville Ca. October 25, 1863. From Edward W. Whitaker to his mother, “Capt. Griggs who had taken a Sutlers account against D. of 41 dollars was killed in fight near Culpeper the 12th. The papers of the account (as well as others which I heard Adjt. Jones had collected in pursuance of my request and in the absence of Capt. Coon while in hospital) Adjt Jones had when taken prisoner on the Rapidan in Sept. Capt Mason who said he owed D. 20 dollars and would pay it when he had some money was taken prisoner on the Rappahannock in Sept…” “D” was his brother Daniel who had been killed in action on June 17, 1863. (10) ALS “Edward”, Head Qr 3rd Div Cav. Corps, Near Malvern Hill, 10 miles below Richmond, Va., May 16, 1864, to his mother, in part, “Have been fighting in rear of rebel army and about Richmond since May 4th. We return to day and expect much fighting on way back to Army of the Potomac…We have the most and hardest fighting of the war and are bound to finish it this round.” (11) ALS “Patrick Geary,” 3p., Clark Station, Virginia, August 11 & 13, 1864, to Friend Washington. In part, “Their I great talk of us a gowing to Kantucy to a places cald lexiton if so heavins no whin I get a way there is a rumer heir that Genarel Burenside is undir arrest for that last movement…I was speking to a reabil captain that was taking prisner he said if our men foled them up that we cood teak peterburg…sum think that Grant will end the War this summer...” (12) Unsigned Letter “From Whitaker”, 2p., Camp of the 5th N.H. Vols, Near Petersburg, Va. September 18, 1864. From Edward to his mother: “Have ben on a march don the Jrusalam Plank Road and have not had time to answer…I am well as usial and in Camp near Petersburg…I think I shell come home the first of Nov. for good I gess if nothing hapends now more then what I now of now…” (13) ALS “Edward,” 4p., Marlinsburg, VA, November 20, 1864, from Edward A. Whitaker to his brother [George]. In part, “Am seated to give expression anew to my joy and gratitude on your safe deliverance from the hands of the Phillistines as well as inform you of my progress toward the front. I hope this can reach you by thanksgiving day as there is not a shade of hope of my being any where but with my regt then…I must tell you I have not felt better since Daniels death than now over the thought that you both are safely out of this horrid war and feel as though I had been granted a new lisence to wade in and strike avenging blows. I can’t describe it but I have a feeling that I can afford to go in heavy now you are both out of it. My fighting shall be with discretion, and if hurt, you all shall know it was not in vain…The good people of New York have sent the army immense loads of turkeys for thanksgiving so don’t think I am growing poor while you indulge in those hot puddings pies &c...” (14) Manuscript Letter Signed “J.W. George” to Major General Custer, 1p., no date. In full: “Will you please be so good as to send me a Guard. I am a Minister of the Gospel. I live opposite the University on the right hand side of the road going to Staunton. Will furnish the Guard with rations.” Folds, else fine. The next two items were most probably removed from Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s headquarters by one of the Whitaker brothers. (15) Important Manuscript LS “Charles Marshall” as Lt Col & ADC, Hd Qr A[rmy of] N[orthern] V[irgini]a, August 31, 1864. To Lt. General J A Early. Marked “Confidential” at top. In full, “General Lee directs me to enclose the enemy’s signal alphabet as deciphered by some of our signal Corps here. We read their messages with facility, and the General thinks it may be of service to you, but advises that care be taken to conceal the fact of our knowledge of the alphabet. The enemy also reads our messages, and the General suggests that your signal men be put on their guard to prevent the enemy obtaining information by that means.” Charles Marshall was Lee’s Aide de Camp and often acted as his military secretary in the preparation of reports. (16) Manuscript DS “Hunter McGuire” as Medical Director, Valley District,” Medical Directors Office V.D., November 24, 1864. In full, “Special Order. Hosp. Steward Morris Gibson will proceed to Richmond Va. for the purpose of procurings Blanks and other Articles necessary for the use of this Department. By order of Lieut. Gen. Early.” Stamped: “Transportation Furnished in Kind Home/Richmond/D.H. Hood/Major & Q.M.” Two holograph notes relating to transportation from New Market to Staunton. Docket on verso: “HdQrs Valley District, Nov. 24, 1864. Approved Qr Master will furnish transportation to Richmond & back. Leave is granted him to visit Orange Court House. By order of Lt. Genl Early. TJC Moore AAG.” Hunter McGuire (1835-1900) was made a brigade surgeon and was ordered to report to General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson at Harpers Ferry. He treated General Jackson after the First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) in July 1861. When Jackson was gravely wounded by friendly fire near Chancellorsville in May 1863, Dr. McGuire amputated his left arm in a vain attempt to save his life. At Gettysburg two months later, he amputated the leg of General Isaac R. Trimble after Pickett’s Charge. Dr. McGuire later served under Generals Richard S. Ewell and Jubal A. Early. In 1904, his statue was placed prominently on the grounds of the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond. Also: ALS “Wm Whitaker,” Co F 5th Regt of NYCV, Washington November 14, 1861; songsheet “Death/of Col./Ellsworth,/Composed by/James D. Gay, to the tune of “Auld Lang Syne”; Unsigned typescript of 2p. letter from Edward W. Whitaker to his sister, Ada, H’d Quarters Harris Light Cavalry, Camp Bayard, Near Ball Plain, Va., January 17, 1863; Manuscript copy of George H. Whitaker’s August 29, 1864 discharge; collateral ephemera and military-related notes probably in Daniel Whitaker’s hand; later printing of Custer’s “Congratulatory Order to His Soldiers on the Surrender of the Rebel Armies Under General Lee, certified as Official Copy by E.W. Whitaker as Chief of Staff and a later printing of Regimental Order No. 33 HQ Harris Light Cavalry March 7, 1863 certified as Official by Daniel Whitaker as 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant, an 1875 printing of E.W. Whitaker’s January 6, 1875 letter to Sen. John B. Gordon of Georgia concerning “the present lawlessness in the State of Louisiana. Together with a large research file, approx. 100 pages of notes and letters relating to the Whitakers with a copy of the book based on this source material, Salt Horse and Sabers/Whitaker’s War-Bull Run to Appomattox, 4 Years-82 Battles by M.K. Adams. (Est. $2,000-3,000)

703. Two letter-books containing copies of correspondence, about 600 pages in total, written from Paris, France by J. K. Smythe by Henderson Smyth & Co., 1858-1863. Two letter-books containing copies of letters on lightweight paper written from Paris, France, by J.K. Smyth of Henderson Smyth & Co., 1858-63. The letters give an insight into financial and business transactions between Europe and America just prior to and during the early years of the Civil War. Some of the letters concern a house Smyth is having built in New York. His architect is Calvert Vaux who, with Frederick Law Olmsted, had just designed Central Park. The first letter-book, is 417 separate pages, 8.5 ” x 11″ and contains copies of business (Henderson Smythe & Co.) and personal letters written from Paris between May 27, 1858 and July 25, 1863. It is signed “J.K. Smyth” on a label on the cover. Excerpts from the first book: (to Henderson, 1858) “in regard to the contact or license you signed in London with Goodyear which if it should be put forward by Goodyear as his agent, as he interprets it – it might in such case be disowned by the Stockholders of the company as not being a legal document binding on them” (to Dr. Edward G. Ludlow, N.Y., 1858) “I enclose herewith a sketch of my Harlem lots…they are now entirely free of encumbrances. I think they are very desireably situated if the central Park succeeds and more especially if they make the Harlem River navigable so as to connect the Hudson & east River their value will be much enhanced.” Central Park was designed in 1858; Harlem borders Central Park on the north. (to Henderson) “Mr. Hutchinson, Wagner & myself may individually purchase the large property at Manheim and fit it up for a rubber factory…I would rather have by a great deal the Golverin than the French market especially if we are obliged to share it with Rattier who make better shoes than the Cohens” (to Dr. Ludlow) “Property on Broad way below 10th St will always be very valu[able] for Hotels and wholesale Stores as also cross Sts near Broad way in the neighborhood or as far down as canal st or perhaps a few streets higher.” (to Henderson) “On account of the collision between the Cunard boats we have no mail from New York this week.” On August 17, 1858, nine days before this letter, Cunard cabled from New York to London about the collision of “Arabia” and “Europa,” the first telegraphic message to report a collision at sea. (to Dr. Ludlow) “I also enclose copy of mem you sent me some time ago of the land patents recd by Henderson Smythe & Co they I suppose are for our first purchase in Minnesota…it is time the patents were made out for all our purchases in western lands.” (to Lee in 1861) “The unfortunate state of affairs in America of course been hard upon my interests there which altogether is large but as I am out of debt I cannot be prostrated as many others will be. I have to finish my house…and hope to have something left even though the war goes on. I hope they will go on until a permanent peace is conquered, it had better be done in our day than left to our children to settle.” (to E.V. Welch, N.Y., May 1861) “I hope that many of those who cannot meet their payments as they become due will be able to do so in full if peace is restored. We have Telegraph news up to the 4th which appears more favourable inasmuch as it shows the north to be very strong to cope against the rebellion.” (to Welch, June 1861) “We have just got telegraph that Harpers Ferry has been evacuated.” (to Calvert Vaux, 1861) “I beg herewith to enclose you draft on Messrs Jno Munroe & Co of your City for $7000 (three days sight).” The New York banking firm of Messrs. John Munroe & Co. had an office in Paris. (to Welch, March 1862) “I…am glad that the favourable progress of the war is making you more hopeful and in better spirits. The Fort Donelson capture that comes of later date than your letter is another and a greater victory than anything that has preceded it. In fact it is sublime and magnificent and I trust every week now will bring us word of new victories if things go on as they hve began in Kentucky you may yet have a fair trade.” (to Welch, 1862) “I believe Mr. [Calvert] Vaux to be thoroughly honest and honourable still I cant help but think he has been careless in keeping them to dates. Mr. Vaux’s terms are as follows – 2 1/2 pr ct for plans, elevations & specifications, 1 pr ct for details to larger scale…” The second letter-book, is 175 separate pages, 8.5 x 11″ and contains copies of business (Henderson Smythe & Co.), personal, and family letters written from Paris between October 18, 1860 and July 25, 1863. Excerpts from the second book: (to Morris Tasker & Co., Philadelphia) “I am commencing to build a dwelling house in the suburbs of New York and have written to my architect Mr. C. Vaux in regard to your furnishing the heating apparatus for warming the same.” The company’s products included radiators, and cast and wrought iron pipe. (to C. Vaux Esq.) “Have recd drawings of the house and copies of contracts with the mason and carpenter builders.” (to Lee, March 30, 1861) “You see the American papers and no doubt know as much as I do in regard to the political State of our Country All is rumour and uncertainty – I wish I had not contracted for the building of our dwelling house for unless things very much change a residence in America is not very desireable.” The Civil War began 13 days later. (to Hutchinson, May 1861) “You of course get the news of the intense excitement in all the northern States in regard to the War they are inaugurating to put down rebellion – Persons who came over by the last Steamer say the excitement and Patriotism of the people can hardly be described. The Americans here are also very much excited.” (to Hutchinson, 1861) “The papers of Goodyear and a/cs. will go by next Steamer if possible. I have not yet been able to find the letter or agreement by Goodyear where he agreed to pay to us one half of the Tariffs he would secure on Shoes made in Europe.” Charles Goodyear had died in 1860. (to May, December 12, 1861) “Slidel & Mason should be given up setting aside the rights of the case they do not think they are worth fighting for. The country will have enough to do to effectually conquer the rebellion without countering against the immense power of Great Britain.” On November 8, 1861, a Union frigate stopped the neutral British steamer “Trent” and seized Confederate commissioners John Slidell and James M. Mason who were on their way to England and France to seek support for the Confederacy. Many in Britain called for war. (to C. Vaux) “It will be necessary to have the doors leading from main hall into the 4 principle rooms made and put up as the main stairs balusters.” (to Dr. Ludlow, January 24, 1862) “When I recd your letter all was very dark & gloomy in regard to our political troubles, and threatened with war with England & perhaps France to follow.” (to Wellman, July 21, 1863) “We are all more or less excited at the welcome news of the fall of Vicksburg and also for the handsome repulse and victory given the rebel army under Lee and of course we are now looking anxiously for the next Telegraph for further results…If the government will follow up this success with new levies of troops and redoubled energy a permanent peace would soon be conquered.” (to U.S. Consul Franklin Torry, Carrara, Italy, 1863) “As I have concluded to take the Summer and Winter as originally ordered…I may not get into my house before spring – what kind of pedestals should I have for these statues?…I regret to hear that the artist has been so unfortunate with the Diana statue.” (Est. $2,000-3,000)

704. (ALABAMA CLAIMS) An archive of over 40 items all concerning the Alabama Claims, including multiple imprints regarding the legal wranglings, original legal correspondence, and most importantly, original checks signed by Charles Thompson, attorney for the petitioners, paying off the claims. The Alabama Claims is a term given American grievances against Great Britain during and just after the Civil War clustered about this generic phrase, but they filled a broad category. Most Northerners regarded Queen Victoria’s proclamation of neutrality, giving the South belligerent rights, as hasty and unfriendly. Confederate cruisers, built or armed by Britons, destroyed Northern shipping, drove insurance rates high, and forced many Northern ships under foreign flags. The Confederates raised large sums of money in Great Britain and outfitted blockade runners there. Early in the war, Secretary of State William H. Seward instructed Minister C. F. Adams to lay the losses caused by the Alabama before the British government, with a demand for redress. In April 1863 British authorities halted the Alexandra when Adams proved it was intended for the Confederacy; in September, they detained two armored rams under construction. One other Confederate ship, the Shenandoah, clearly violated British neutrality laws, but only after refitting at Melbourne. Ultimately, the United States claimed damages totaling $19,021,000. The United States occasionally repeated its claims but met no response until 1868. The Johnson-Clarendon Convention, signed that year, made no mention of the Alabama damages but provided for a settlement of all Anglo-American claims since 1853. Partly because of the unpopularity of the Andrew Johnson administration, the Senate overwhelmingly defeated the convention (13 April 1869). Senator Charles Sumner seized the opportunity to review the whole case against Great Britain. Not only had the Alabama and other cruisers done heavy damage, he declared, but British moral and material support for the South had doubled the war’s duration. Sumner set the total U.S. bill at $2.1 billion, a demand that could be met only by the cession of Canada. Hamilton Fish, who became secretary of state in March 1869, took a saner position, announcing that Britain could satisfy the Alabama Claims with a moderate lump sum, an apology, and a revised definition of maritime international law. The impasse between the two nations was brief. The two countries soon formed a joint commission to settle the whole nexus of disputes-Canadian fisheries, northwestern boundary, and Alabama Claims. The commission drew up the Treaty of Washington (signed 8 May 1871), which expressed British regret for the escape of the Alabama and other cruisers, established three rules of maritime neutrality, and submitted the Alabama Claims to a board of five arbitrators. On 14 September 1872 this tribunal awarded the United States $15.5 million in gold to meet its direct damages, all indirect claims having been excluded. American opinion accepted the award as adequate. This is a fascinating archive, worthy of much further research. (Est. $3,000-4,000)

705. Gettysburg items with content. Two great Gettysburg items: a 3p., 8vo. ink-inscribed newspaper report written by an unknown author concerning the fierce artillery fighting around the Trostle Farm after Sickle advanced his line without orders, in part: “…2nd day’s fight at Gettysburg…Let me give one phase of the fight…some Mass batteries. Capt. Bigelow’s, Capt. Phillip’s two or three more under Capt. McGilvery of Maine were planted on the extreme left advanced…down the Emmittsburg road with…the first division…of Sickle’s Corps…after, 5 a fierce rebel charge drove back the infantry & menaced the batteries. Orders are sent to Bigelow…to hold his position at all hazards…then with depressed guns…[and] with double charges of grape & canister he…shatters but cannot break the advancing line. His grape & canister are exhausted…on they come. He falls back on spherical-case…he holds his position…within six paces of the guns…once more…he blows devoted soldiers from his….muzzles…they spring upon his carriages & shoot down his horses. And then…he seizes the guns by hand &…drags 2 of them off…5 out of 6 are saves…in that half hours’ fight lost 33 of its men including every sergeant…the Capt….was wounded…it was the first time it was ever under fire…the rebels now moved on Phillip’s battery…it too was forced to drag off the pieces by hand when the horses were shot down. From a new position it opened again…an enfilading fire swept the Rebel line. Sickle’s gallant infantry charged the Rebel line…[and] we regained the lost ground…” A great report on a military mistake that almost cost the Union army its very existence. This document has minor soiling bout is otherwise in very good condition. Together with a partially-printed war-date document signed “Henry Spayd” as color guard 149th Penn., large folio (with no reference as to where it was written or signed). This document appears to be a clothing return account for Co. C, 149th Penn. (2nd Bucktails) Volume in which Sgt. Spayd acknowledges the receipt of clothing and accoutrements worn out during the previous year’s campaigns. Spayd fought gallantly on the first day’s battle of Gettysburg during which he was shot while fighting desperately to defend the Pennsylvania State flag, only to have it captured after he went down. Upon his return to the regiment in late 1863 he was made color-sergeant and carried the national flag for the remainder of the war. Also included are photocopies of his gallant fight to save the regiment’s colors at Gettysburg and an armed tintype image of him in uniform. Contemporary glue stains affects some portions of the document allowing for an oversize document. Overall minor toning and soiling, otherwise very good. (Est. $1,000-1,500)

706. A late war date A.L.S. 4p. 8 x 10″, Richmond, Mar. 2, 1865 from John N. Clarkson, Superintendent of the “Salt Works” to Robert Coghill[?], “Chairman of the Joint Committee on Salt” concerning a misunderstanding over transporting orders of salt via rail. The incident, which occurred in the fall of 1864, seems somewhat trivial in light of the fact that Richmond was only weeks from falling. Still Clarkson devotes four pages transcribing letters from others in an effort to clear his name. Partial folds separations with a few repairs, marginal chipping and tears, else good. (Est. $200-300)

707. Georgia Militia Election Returns. Early Manuscript D.S., 1p. 8 x 10″, Milledgeville, [Ga.], Jan. 12, 1861 being the “Tally sheet kept at Milledgeville Baldwin County in this day’s Election held for Ensign of the Troup [sic] Artillery…” The winner by a margin of 14 to 10 was Fleming G. Grieve. Signed by the commanding officer of the artillery corps only five days before Georgia seceded from the Union. Grieve does not appear in the records as serving in the Confederate Army, but the loser of the election, H. E. Forsyth appears as a member of the 6th Georgia Infantry. Light folds, a few rust spots with minor erosion, else very good. (Est. $100-200)

708. A good pair of Civil War letters by surgeon William Harrison Githens (1827-1904). Dr. Githens was born in Ohio and studied medicine in Iowa. In 1853 he removed to Hamilton, Illinois. He enlisted at the beginning of the Civil War and served as an orderly sergeant in the 16th Illinois Infantry. In June of 1863 he re-enlisted, and was promoted to Assistant Surgeon with the 78th Regiment, Illinois Volunteers. He served as an assistant surgeon in the Tullahoma operation, as well as Chickamauga, Chattanooga, the Atlanta Campaign, Sherman’s March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign. The first letter, an A.L.S. 4p. 4to., Tyner’s Station, Tenn., Feb. 22, 1864 to his wife, reads in part: “…troops have been moving toward Ringgold all day and our Brigade has orders to be ready to march at any time – I don’t know whether the whole Division will move or not or in what direction…” Commenting on the local political atmosphere, “…they say here are a good many Union people about here and generally intelligent – but I have not seen much of them…” The second letter, also an A.L.S. 4p. 8vo., “Division Hospital 2nd Div. 14th A.C. Chattahoochee River Ga.”, [July 1864]. Githens writes again to his wife “…there is very little firing accept at night the pickets keep a banging away at each other though with but little damage…I believe I told you that the Hospitals had been changed now instead of Brigade Hospitals we have one division hospital, with Medical Officers from each brigade… But soldiers are needed more than women – I am afraid there’ll be a surplus of women if the war keeps on much longer – unless congress passes a law allowing a man to take three or four – I am not particularly interested as I can scarcely support one…” Both letters bear light age overall very fine. (Est. $200-300)

709. Interesting handmade and ornately decorated Civil War newspaper with fabulous content pertaining to the times. Stunning hand-colored newspaper is called the “Semi-annual Olio” and is devoted to “Science, Literature, Romance, Education, Morals, Health Amusements… The Seminanual Olio is just the paper for Generals, Blacksmiths and the President as it would have told McLellan how to get more men to Richmond than what was taken prisoners and that there is land enough upworth that needs settling… to the Chichihawning Swamps and it would inform the president that there is a half a dozen of them everlasting negroes livomg down south and that he needs at least 250,000 more men to put things down, and in the language… word that it is necessary to take vigorous means to put down Rebellion.” The newspaper has 18 pages, 16 of which are filled with writing. The newspaper, more of a booklet style features a front cover with a wonderful illustration of the American flag and with writing instruments. The book is threaded together with red, white and blue ribbons decorating the spine. Another excerpt from the paper reads, “This was that is now raging in our land is the cause of many miseries many of which are witnessed at our own firesides and in our social circles dear friends and the scarcity of candles has been rounded for the last two weeks some have abandoned the use of the article entirely on Sunday nights.” A fun, quite unique item documenting history as it happened! (Est. $1,000-1,500)

710. Civil War Railroad Correspondence Archive. A large group of thirty one (31) letters and documents concerning the Vermont Valley Railroad and its involvement in transporting troops to the southward. Includes letters between Alexander Hamilton, Jr., the president of the Vermont Valley Railroad, the U.S. Quartermaster, as well as the New Haven Steamboat Company, Vermont Central Rail Road and Connecticut River Rail Road from 1863 to 1867 concerning government reimbursement from the U.S. Government. This was not a simple affair as the documentation here clearly illustrates. A great group documenting the complex business of troop transport. Overall condition very good to fine. (Est. $300-500)

711. Clamoring for an appointment… with Andrew Johnson’s help! ALS “J.S. Halburton,” Camp near Murfreesboro, Feb. 23, 1863, on Head-Quarters, Pioneer Brigade, Army of the Cumberland letterhead, 3p., to the correspondant’s brother, asking for assistance in gaining an appointment. “Let me ask you to make use of the enclosed Copy of Letter from Gov. Andrew Johnson, who has known my conduct as well as I know it myself; I can claim with justice to have saved Nashville, next to Gov. Johnson himself, nothing but my fortifications saved it…Sometimes I feel as if the country deserved to go to the dogs, such is the outrageous number of worthless officers in its service…If you can get a friend of the President to show him this letter of Gov. Johnson’s -in person – for no other way is worth while in my opinion, I think it will help me…” Minor loss at two corners, small piece of tape on one blank side, not showing through. This letter illustrates perfectly the mind-set of many soldiers and what they felt was necessary to advance their careers! (Est. $150-200)

712. A Civil War soldier compares his writing to Artemus Ward. Sent by a Cy to his parents and sister Annie from camp at Pacapuntas, Tenn, August 1863. “Thanksgiving day passed off hear [sic] with out as much as a sermond [sic] preached hear [sic] at this post but they had a prayer meeting in the eavening [sic] but I expect you people up there in America heared [sic] some good preaching for we as a nation should be very thanksfull [sic] for the great success has been given to our arms.” To his sister, he remarks on a news story about the burning of a boat carrying two million dollars of soldiers’ salaries. In a post-script, he remarks: “Ain’t I a great Reymeist [?]. Artemus Ward is no whear [sic] along side of me. Anon.” 4p., quite fine, with an envelope addressed to Mr. Christian Shurtz of Ohio, with a “God Save the Union” poem printed on the front. (Est. $150-200)

Just how ugly was Lincoln?

713. “Poor old Abraham I feel sorry for him. He aint ugly enough to be President… He believes every thing any one tells him.” ALS written by Vermont soldier Charles Grin Blake, 34th MA Vol. Reg. Co. F. (accompanied by a CDV of Genl. Brooks signed on the back by Blake), and stamped envelope, to his sweetheart, Mary Cowdery, 21 July 1863 from Fort Lyon. Blake writes: “My Dear M, Having nothing to do today but smoke my cigars and thinking what a comfounded lazy life troops live in Winter Quarters…I saw Sand last Sunday…He was perfectly well all the time muted after the Battles of Bull Run last summer were he was taken suddenly with this strange disease. I think that the terrible fifteen days retreat from the Rapidan was too much for him. I feel sad about him. If he could go home I think he would get much better…” Blake stops and then starts writing again on “Sunday July 22” and then again on “July 28.” The content continues, “…The Govt owes me lots of Green Backs now. I hope I get it soon. But I don’t want to hurry poor old Uncle Sam…Poor old Abraham I feel sorry for him. He aint ugly enough to be President they says. He believes every thing any one tells him and I think if some on would tell him that Gen. Hooker was a fool that Tom Thum was a Great General he would immediately summon Hooker and give Tom the Command of the Army…” Four lengthy pages of great content. Excellent condition… with some revealing opinions from someone there at the time! (Est. $300-500)

“Lincoln & Scott… will be called Saviors of their Country in her greatest Peril – when Satan and his Hosts seemed combined for her destruction…”

714. Union Home Front Letter. A.L.S., 4p. Philadelphia, June 21, 1861 from a mother to her son in the First Philadelphia Cavalry, then stationed near Harper’s Ferry. The mother, who signs with his initials “A.G.G.”, writes in part: “…Father fairly quivered with interest and enthusiasm last night from reading Fair’s letter, and hearing Mr. Fraser tell of the anxiety felt for you on the night you spent south of the Potomac with Dave’s regiment…” Our correspondent then unknowingly foreshadows that day’s events at Bull Run Creek. After noting how newspaper accounts tended to exaggerate he notes: “There seems to be a wonderful gathering of powers toward Washington. What it means is all conjecture, but I am happy to think we have most glorious Captains at the head of affairs – Lincoln & Scott – are names, that create in my hart as much emotion as Washington – He was called the Father of his Country — these will be called Saviors of their Country in her greatest Peril – when Satan and his Hosts seemed combined for her destruction — this Reconciles me to this war…We are making Havelocks and hemming pocket Hdkys [?]. for the volunteers… With original transmittal envelope. Usual folds, else fine. GREAT! (Est. $200-300)

Illinois hears Lincoln’s call for able-bodied men!

715. Willow Creek, Illinois responds to Lincoln’s draft call. Fine content manuscript D.S., 1p. legal folio, Willow Creek, Ill., Feb. 11, [1865] “To the Enrolled men of the town of Willow Creek Whereas under the last call of the President for 300,000 more men the quota of the State of Illinois is a little over 32,000…the quota of the town of Willow Creek will be 18 men…the board of town Auditors…appropriated $400 bounty to every man who would volunteer & be credited to the town of Willow Creek…& whereas the bounties paid to volunteers in other towns & counties adjoining are $500 & as men will not enlist & be credited to this town for $400 when they can get $500 in other localities; – in order to mak[e] up the deficiency in the bounty & to induce men to enlist fro this town & to clear it of a draft therefore we the unsigned agree Each & all of us to pay $20 (& as much more as well please) fairly believe that by that means Enough funds can be raised to induce men to enlist & to clear the town of a draft Entirely...” Sadly only six signed this document, contributing a total of only $88. The draft would have to come to Willow Creek after all! Usual folds with minor splits at some intersections, light soiling else very good. (Est. $250-250)

“Our cause, in freedoms right, seems now to be rapidly approaching… Peace can never be, until secession is wiped from off the face of the earth…”

716. Union Patriotic Letter. A.L.S. “Rufus”, 2p., Cincinnati, Oct. 7, 1861 to his aunt and uncle in Philadelphia reporting on a family member joining up with Fremont together with a good patriotic diatribe espousing the great optimism that lingered in the North in the first year of the war. He writes in part: “…Justin has gone to the war. He is in Fremonts Body guard having enlisted about six weeks ago. It is a cavalry company, and is now with Fremont in Jefferson City. Mo…He says, He is used to a soldiers life and can sleep on the ground as well as the rest, though at first it was pretty hard.’ There is nothing more doing in this city than in Phila. regiment after regiment pass over the river here into Kentucky. Our cause, in freedoms right, seems now to be rapidly approaching, and marches onward with an irresistible step, and the rattlesnake confederacy is sneaking away before a power which knows only the right. We has as yet only begun. Our army of now three hundred thousand men stretching form the western borders to the Atlantic shore, will sweep secession clear of traitors, and leave the land clear again once more. Our cause is right and must prevail and how any one can sympathise [sic] with a cause opposite to ours, I cannot for the life of me, see. Should the Southern Confederacy be so unfortunate as to gain their right as they call it, civil wars in America, will be more terrible, than those of France. Peace can never be, until secession is wiped from off the face of the earth. We all expect battles and on our side victories, on the Potomac, Western Virginia, Kentucky & Missouri, soon, and one on the Coast, should we gain them, the southern cause is done for, and paper machines and wages, will be no more at a discount…Three intrenchments are being built around the city here for fear of an invasion. One in the western and one in the eastern part of the city. the other over in Covington, [Kentucky] about three miles back on the rail road…” Usual folds with a pin hole at one intersection, a few toned spots, else very good. (Est. $300-500)

717. (IRISH REGIMENT LOOKS FOR COLONEL) A historic war-date recruiting officer A.L.S. by Bernard S. Treanor, Boston, Ma., Nov. 4, 1861 to future colonel Francis J. Parker, organizer and colonel of the 32nd Mass. Vols., tendering him the position of colonel of the newly formed 29th Mass. Vols, reading, in part: “The gentleman first named as Colonel of the 29th Regt. M. V. has left the city and will not return. The Colonelcy of that Regt is vacant. I confess I had a strong desire to see that Regt go to the war as an exclusively Irish Regt. I find it impossible to get an Irish gentleman to take command and being desirous to have at all events a gentleman for colonel no matter what his nationality. I wish to know if you will accept that position if tendered to you?… P.S. I meet the officers tomorrow morning…” Massachusetts put more Irish regiments into the field than any other northern state. It is no doubt that Treanor, a native of Ireland, must have been a major catalyst behind this achievement. Francis J. Parker was a well-respected Boston businessman who had many powerful friends including Governor Andrew. Needless to say, Parker declined the offer and consequently helped raise the 32nd Massachusetts. He was mustered as its colonel on August 6, 1862 and served until just after the battle of Fredericksburg to look after his family finances. (Est. $200-400)

Mustering forces in Boston as the war begins.

718. Massachusetts Responds to Lincoln’s call for Troops. Important war date manuscript document, being one of the earliest, if not the first, official request for one of four Massachusetts militia regiments to assemble in accordance with Lincoln’s first call for 75,000 troops to defend Washington after Confederate forces bombard Fort Sumter. Manuscript document, Boston, April 15, 1861, Headed “Special Order No 14” from William Schouler, Adjutant General to Colonel David W. Wardrop ordering him to assemble the 3rd Massachusetts Militia, reading in full: “You are hereby ordered to muster the regiment under your command on Boston Common forthwith in compliance with a requisition made by the President of the United States the troops are to go to Washington. The Regimental band will be dispensed with. By order of his Excellency John A. Andrew…” This document was found in the papers of Charles C. Doten who retained this piece as a souvenir of the war in an envelope bearing his inscription: “3d Regt Mass Vol. Militias ‘Minute Men’ Civil War April 1861 1st Call for troops April 16, 1861 Standish guards in Boston. Also on Board Steamer S R Spaulding 18th.” During the late morning of April 16, 1861, the 3rd Massachusetts arrived in Boston as did her sister regiments. On the 17th, they departed for Virginia where they were stationed at Norfolk naval Yard and took part in its destruction. Within two days of First Manassas, they were mustered out of the U.S. service, many of its members reenlisting into other regiments. Usual folds, else fine. (Est. $600-1,200)

719. A Prisoner Search Yields More than Pocket Change! Fine content period-copy of a letter from Gen. Napoleon T. Dana, Morganzia, La., Sept. 30, 1863 to Gen. C. P. Stone, Chief of Staff at New Orleans informing him that “Since writing my dispatch in reference to the prisoners Swaney and Mulholand, I have had their persons searched, and found on the person of the former coin as follows: American gold, $2005.00 British gold 19.36 Silver .45…the money was in a belt around his person, and i herewith sent. It was doubtless to purchase cotton. Swaney has told several stories about it, as follows: that the received it from one J.W. Robinson at Natchez; that he held said Robinsons note at six months, dated in January, 1860. He made several statements as to the amount of the note, placing the amount at $2025, 2045 and 2050; that the face of the note showed an agreement that no interest should be demanded; that it was the whole payment for a purchase of two tracts of land of 200 acres each, lying in the Parish of Washington about 40 miles back of Pontchartrain. He first said the land was sold at $28.00 per acre, afterwards corrected himself, and said it was sold at $50.00 per acre…” The conflicting stories raised enough suspicion, but the amount of gold on their persons would suggest that they were smuggling supplies for the Confederacy as they tended to demand gold or other hard money as opposed to Confederate currency. Light toning at left margin, else very good. (Est. $200-300)

720. COLONEL WARDROP TRANSMITS SPECIAL ORDER NO. 14. A war-date manuscript document, General Order, No. 9, 1p. 8 x 10″, issued by Colonel D. W. Wardrop, New Bedford, Ma., April 15, 1861 to Lieut. Charles C. Doten ordering him to assemble company B of the 3rd Massachusetts “Minute Men” Militia, reading, in full: “Special Orders No. 14 from the Commander in Chief are herewith transmitted. In accordance with said order all the companies composing the Third Regt of Infantry are hereby ordered to report themselves to the Adjutant on Boston Common to-morrow Apr. 16, 1861 at noon in uniform armed and equipped. Capts. Ingraham, McFarlin, Harlow, Marble, Lieuts. Doten, & Perkins are charged with the prompted execution of this order…” Included is the original transmittal envelope on which Doten, writes, in full: “Order for movement of the ‘Minute Men of ’61’ of Plymouth – Standish Guards – Capt. Chas. C. Doten called into service of the United States by President Lincoln. First troops in the Civil War from Plymouth…” This document’s significance cannot be sufficiently stressed. Near fine. (Est. $300-500)

721. RICHMOND RESIDENTS WITNESS THE OPENING OF THE SEVEN DAY’S CAMPAIGN. A very rare war-date Richmond citizen’s letter, 4p. 8 x 10″, written in ink by a certain “Mr. & Mrs. J. Rutherford”, Richmond, [Va.], June 26, 1862 to their children during the opening of the Seven Day’s campaign in which Lee drove McClellan from the gates of Richmond. The letter reads, in part: “…On Wednesday, we heard the guns…2 or 300 wounded soldiers were brought in. yesterday morning early we heard the guns…your father went out…he said it was awful & came near feeling sick & fainting. I gave him a glass of tody. Poor Mrs. Carter…could hardly bear it. I told her that her husband was out there…on the Williamsburg road…Capt. Carter sent a servant with a note saying he had been marching all night [&] that his brigade had joined [Stonewall] Jackson on the Mechanicville road, that they were fighting & had driven back the enemy…11 of their servants are off & her nurse sent her word if she did not come home all would go…you brother William has distinguished himself; he led the command & the regiment that had twice behaved badly: Yesterday they distinguished themselves by their brave stand against heavy odds…Mr. W[illiam Pleasant Page] Carter [commanded the King William Virginia Light Artillery being WIA at Seven Pines on June 15] is better. He came down to dinner & walked to the square…his brother, D. S. Carter steeps here, when the duties of the hospital will let him steep anywhere…at light there was heavy firing…the rumor says Jackson has gotten in the rear of Mac Clellan…I hope…they have driven him back so far that the guns wont be heard by us…Mr. William [P. P.] Carter talks of going home…if he is well enough his brother Capt. [Thomas H. Carter] & D. Cater both think the ball is in him & he must be quiet…[Then the father relates his experiences in viewing the battle of Beaver Dam]…your mother kindly saves me the pain of writing much…our troops were entirely successful…we attacked them mainly on the right. Jackson’s army…were not engaged-being worn down by fatigue & very sore footed…it is reported that we captured eight batteries & two of their strongest fortifications. To day our troops stormed the battery (at Dr. Ellerson’s Farm)… exposed to an awful fire while crossing the…narrow bridges. The gallantry of our troops is aid to have been splendid. [as Union Gen. Porter fell back, A. P. Hill hastily attacked his lines at Beaver Dam and Ellerson’s Mill that ended in failure]…I give you the reports as they as are going…the wounded are being brought in today…the rapid & incessant firing, bursting of shells, flashes from the guns…was grand & splendid…especially after 9 o’clock…I do not think…it made me sick for I felt too sanguine…especially as the…direction of the shells…indicated, I thought the retreat of the enemy…” Attached is the original stamped (CSA #4) closure. Interestingly, even the Richmond’s postmaster was preoccupied with events and penciled a note on the verso of the transmittal closure, reading, in full: “Burnside has landed 12,000 men tho’ [they] cannot get to McClellan. Lee gave McClellan till 3 o’clock yesterday to surrender-two of our soldiers took 300 Yankee & brought them to Richmond…your letters with 5 cts stamps can not go for less than 10 more. I can charge this to you“. Very good. (Est. $600-800)

722. Staffing the Light Artillery, Memphis 1864. Manuscript L.S., 3p. 8 x 10″, “Head Quarters Dist West Tennessee office of the Chief of Artillery” Memphis, Nov. 18, 1864 from the Major of the 1st. Illinois Light Artillery pleading for more men to fully complement the corps of light artillery assigned to his regiment. He writes noting that he is 172 men short of the 650 needed to man the artillery pieces in the regiment which included Rodman and Parrott guns as well as 12 pound “Napoleons”. The major notes that “the majority of the Light Batteries are short of men, some to such extent as to make them intirely [sic] unserviceable…” He also complains that his men “have suffered a good deal form exposure under…shelter tents…” Light folds, a few foxed spots, else fine. (Est. $80-120)

Texas in the Civil War.

723. A pair of scarce official Union documents from the Texas theatre of operations including a manuscript L.S., 1p. 8 x 10 on “Head Quarters, U.S. Forces, Texas” Matagorda Peninsula, Jan. 22, 1864, an official copy of an order from General Napoleon T. Dana demanding supplies to reinforce Gen. Matthew Ransom. Offered together with a printed general order, 1p. 5 x 8″, “Headquarters, U.S. forces, Texas” Matagorda Island, Mar. 11, 1864, #29, ordering that officers be no longer supplied with free fresh beef and to “sell them at the rate, four cents per pound…” Light toning, usual folds, else very good. Anything from Texas at this time is tough. (Est. $200-400)

724. Good Union soldier’s letter on Lincoln portrait stationery, an A.L.S. of Virgil R. Shaw of the 88th Ohio, 4p. 8vo. in pencil, “Camp Chace”, July 31, [1863]. Soon after his enlistment Shaw writes of guarding some of John Morgan’s captured raiders who had recently passed through southern Ohio [spelling not corrected]: “…our company ware deta[i]led on g[u]ard to day we are garting some of morgans men they are hard looking fellows I tell you…” He also reports a “friendly fire” incident in camp: “thare was a man shot the other day by one of our boys it was one of the third Ohio boys that reg[e]ment is Campt here I tell you thare was some excitement here then the one that shot him was one of the peroled g[U]ards and he had no write to shoot him an thay come pretty ny killing him…” Light toning, else very good. (Est. $150-200)

725. Confederate Home Front Letter. A.L.S. 3p. 7 x 9″, Richmond, July 30, 1862 to a friend concerning the recipient’s recently dead soon: “…I feel very glad that your deced. son’s remains reached you safely. I felt some anxiety abut that, especially as they could not go by express; and truly me feel glad that we have been made instrumental in Gods providence in placing the remains of your beloved son. When he can best at home and his grave be moistened by the tears of devoted ones…” usual folds, else very good. (Est. $80-120)

War fever on the home front…

truly exceptional content!

726. A lengthy, 8p. A.L.S. from “Charlton” at “Troy University”, Apr. 22, 1861 and continued over the next two days to his fiancÈe in Brunswick, Me. Written a week after the fall of Fort Sumter, in small part: “I made a shot call after tea at the home of Mr. Freeman, one of the wealthiest of our Trustees. His daughter Mary asked me if I would enlist. I answered, not unless it should become necessary. She replied ‘No, gentlemen think it is all well enough for the Irish and common laborers to go and met the enemy; but they prefer to raise flags and wear cockades at home.’ I had a Union cockade on my breast, which I always wear now. The taunt from her was a trifle to be laughed at, but from you it would either drive me crazy or make me a soldier…as most of our girls here seem to be made of such stuff, can you wonder at the spread of the volunteer spirit? There is a body of soldiery here called the ‘Troy citizens’ Corps’; incorporated by the State, and made exempt from militia duty except in case of actual invasion or insurrection, and organized for the protection of the city against disorder and violence. Their Captain, Shields, is an officer of experience, who served in Mexico…I have offered myself as a member for the sake of obtaining some practical knowledge of military drill and discipline…You need have no fear that I shall be hurried by the enthusiasm that military associations may kindle, into any rash enlistment for service. Your wish is final on that point, unless an absolute demand should arise for my personal service…the terrible excitement of the country, the apprehension of general calamity…makes me cling more closely to your dear image…these are stirring times…this morning as I drew near the P.O….a member of the ‘Troy Citizens’ corps’ stepped up to me and…invited me to drill with them every night at the Armory…Were I in the ranks today, charging for our flag and our homes, the strength of my arms would feel itself yours, and be doubled; with a light heart and firm step I should march onward…There has been no moment, even when the momentary success of the traitors have seemed most galling, and loyal indignation has made me curse them with a curse which I would readily drive home at the bayonet’s point…The news from home is stirring. My brother expected to march today. The country around West Chester was in great excitement, apprehending a raid for plunder by the border Secessionists. This afternoon I visited the Watervliet Arsenal…They were shipping vast numbers of rifles to New York and Philadelphia, preparing gun-carriages, etc. In one building, some fifty boys were engaged making cartridges and rockets. It looked strange to see them sitting quietly at their work, with heaps of powder before them, when a spark from a cigar or a flint would blow the whole crowd into another world. Many hundreds are engaged in preparing the different munitions of war; among them, a large number of women making cartridge bags. My colleagues talk of nothing but the trap I fell into, in joining the ‘Citizens’ Corps’. They insist that it was my offer of my name that decide them to volunteer in a body; and they make great efforts to tease me about the unpleasant details of a soldiers’ life…” Well…it was no joke! Accompanying the letter is a tiny news clipping announcing that “THE SERVICES OF THE TROY CITIZENS’ CORPS TENDERED TO THE STATE.— We are authorized to state that yesterday the services of the Troy Citizens’ Corps were tendered to the Adjutant General for the State. The patriotic offer will be at once considered by the Department…Their services were tendered through Capt. H. L. Shields, their able and patriotic commander…” With original patriotic transmittal envelope. So much for avoiding the war! We could only wonder how his fiancÈe reacted! Usual folds, else very good. (Est. $300-500)

727. Responding to Lincoln’s call for troops. A.L.S. of S.W. Marvin, Hainseville, Ill., Dec. 17, 1864 to a judge enclosing the “Proceedings of two special Town Meetings held in the town of Avon to raise a bounty for volunteers who enlisted to fill our quota under the last call of the President. If I understand the desires of the People of our town, they want a law passed that will legalize the proceedings of these meetings and allow us to issue Orders and Bonds as proposed and have these bonds legal and binding upon the town -Also to have the power granted us to levy a tax each year sufficiently large to pay the interest on the bonds and also to pay the principal within the time specified. It needs to be made strong for there may be some squirming...” A few marginal tears, usual folds, else very good. (Est. $80-120)

728. Hiring a Substitute in Michigan. A.L.S. of D. M. Francisco, Three Rivers, [Mich.] Mar. 3, 1865 concerning recruiting and substitutes. In part: “…Recruiting goes on very slow and I have my douts [sic] about our filling our quota. I think it will be determined by the last of next weeke [sic] whom this town will have to join Uncle Sams Army or furnish a Substitute. I think the latter will be to my likin[g] if I am drafted. Your Broth[er] was saying that you three boys had put our buys, in the field, I say bully for you I wish I had done that two years ago I would of made [illeg.] by so doing…” Usual folds, else very good. (Est. $80-120)

729. Union Soldier’s Letter. A.L.S. of William Jones of the 168th Pennsylvania, 4p. 4to., Suffolk, [Va.], Feb. 13, 1863 to his brother describing the Union defenses in the area and noting skirmishes with rebels. In part: “…we have seven forts here and we are in none of them and have to more commenced. We have rifle pits around from five to six miles around here and we are encamped right along side of them. We are pretty well fortified here but if we stay here a month or so we better fortified but it didn’t do as much good yet for the fitting that our men had to do they had to go out about 8 miles. We had very good luck, we hadn’t to go out in the last battle we had here. We was lucky ones…I must tell you that on last Sunday the cavalry had a charge with the rebs and taken 18 rebs prisoners…” Light toning and folds, else very good. (Est. $80-120)

730. (Lincoln Elected) A fun A.L.S. from a Republican supporter named Ridley, Nov. 7, 1860, written a day after the Presidential election. He reports on various family matters and concerns, and most important from our perspective, add in a brief postscript: “Nine Cheers for Lincoln & Hamlin.” A fine, fun example. (Est. $60-80)

731. Wounded at Gettysburg. A fine content Union soldiers’ letter, An A.L.S. of Corp. George Gatesman, 3p. 8vo., Fort Schuyler, N.Y., Sept. 13, 1863. A member of the 111th New York Volunteers, Gatesman writes from McDougall General Hospital to his comrade Ira Sebring regarding his wounds received at Gettysburg. After completing a letter on behalf of a friend who was unable to write, he adds: “…I was writing a few lines for Daniel Dunlap and so I thought I would write to you too…I was wounded in my thigh at the battle of Gettysburg, well my wound was almost heeled [sic] up weeks ago, but it broke out again…I had a very hard time of it. I have laid in my bed for the last 4 weeks, but I am getting better now. I can’t stand on it yet, but I can walk around on wooden legs. It seems to me that lead has a very good effect on me...” Gatesman received his wound during Pickett’s charge on July 3. In total the regiment lost 62 killed, 177 wounded, 10 missing. Sadly, despite his recovery, Gatesman would meet his maker in the Wilderness May 5, 1864. With original transmittal envelope, fine. (Est. $600-800)

732. Hiring a substitute in 1862. A good collection of two manuscript documents and a letter concerning the hiring of George More as a substitute for Charles A. Wagner, both of Pennsylvania. The group includes the original contract between the two parties, a manuscript D.S. 1p. 4to., [n.p.] Oct. 21, 1862 in which More agrees to “serve as a substitute in the place and stead of the said Charles A. Wagner in the Militia service of the united States for the period of nine months or for the term and during the time for which the said Charles A. Wagner has been drafted…for…the sum of Nine hundred dollars, to be paid as follows, to wit, One hundred and fifty dollars upon the signing of this agreement, and seven hundred and fifty dollars the balance, on the twenty first day of October next, without interest…” The latter clause prevented More from deserting. The second document, accompanied by the original enclosure letter and envelope, certifies that More had enlisted as Wagner’s substitute. Capt. Thomas Butler of the 178th PA Infantry wrote Wagner from Camp Simmons on Dec. 4, 1862 enclosing the certificate for More’s service and commenting that “We are about to leave here today we have everything packed and are awaiting orders to strike tens and leave…The boys are all in good glee and appear anxious to go to the Sacred soil of Virginia…” Offered together with the enclosed certificate dated Dec. 3, 1862. Three pieces in very good condition. (Est. $200-300)

733. Union soldier’s letter. An A.L.S. of William N. Tooley, 3p. 8vo., [n.p.] Dec. 1, 1863 to his Brother in a belabored hand , in part: “…I am not very well myself. I have had a bad diareah [sic] for about four weeks and I never was poorer in flesh in my life than now….they are taking a good many prisoners down here now and have been for a number of days past and in fact they have been coming in almost every day since we came here, but more lately. There are nearly four thousand of them coming in now. I don’t feel able to write much so I shall have to close…” Usual folds, else fine condition. (Est. $60-80)

He saw Lincoln and then marched into Virginia.

734. An excellent content Union soldiers letter, an A.L.S. signed “J. B. F. [John B. Foote, Jr.] 4p., 8vo. on patriotic stationery, “Headquarters 117th Regt. N.Y.V camp Baker D. C.”, April 12, 1863, in part: “…Did you receive the paper I send in which was the account of the Union Meeting. I was there myself and I tell you it was a big time. I saw Admiral Foote and heard him speak as well as a great many other dignitaries, among whom was the President, & part of the cabinet. besides a long string of Gen’s and officers from both the army and Navy. And now Father, Mother, Sisters, Brother, we leave Camp Baker for the field tomorrow morning By order of Gen. Hooker; and before this reaches you, we shall probably have marched a good ways into Virginia…” He was en route to Suffolk to be attached to Getty’s division in the VII Corps. Later that summer they would go to South Carolina where they would take part in the siege of Fort Wagner. The 117th NY would later serve at Cold Harbor, Petersburg, then back south, this time to North Carolina where they took part in the final assault on Fort Fisher. Usual folds, else fine. (Est. $150-200)

735. Union Soldier’s Letter. A.L.S., by a member of the 12th Mass. (Webster’s), 4p. on patriotic letterhead bearing a red and blue image of Elmer Ellsworth, “Camp Near Muddy Branch”, Oct. 11, 1861 to a friend advising him “about coming out here in a Reg[imen]tal Band…” He encourages the enlistment as such; his friend would “be much better Provided for than a common soldier besides enjoying twice as many Privileges you will also see a good deal of the world coming out here… Besides when you march you don’t have to Carry and Knapsack the Band Draws Rations by themselves & have a good time generally Smoking &c… In case of Battle you are to Assist in the Hospital Dept. that is the new orders of Gen McClellan. You will also be provided with a sword &c and have much Respt. Paid as if you was a Sargt…” Of course our correspondent (signature hard to read) did not see a major engagement until the following summer. If his friend did come down as a member of the band, he would soon have his hands full in the hospital as the 12th Mass suffered significant casualties at Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas, Antietam, Gettysburg, and the Wilderness. (Est. $100-150)

Complaining about operations in Texas.

736. (DANA, Napoleon) A contemporary manuscript copy of a letter from General Dana to General Edward O. Ord, 5p., Matagorda Bay, TX., Feb. 9, 1864. A fine content letter in which Dana complains on the slow pace of operations against Texas. He writes in small part: “In stating what follows I desire particularly to be understood, not as counseling a defensive policy here, for my opinions are exactly the contrary believing as I do, that the results already obtained by the great outlay of this expensive expedition fall far short of satisfying the expectations of the country; and that the inactive policy, which has prevailed in Texas, since its occupation both here and on the Rio Grande, has resulted in the loss of good opportunities and tended, in some degree, to impair…this body of troops and has decidedly by increased the morale and confidence of the rebels. the longer this state of things exists; I frankly (perhaps too frankly) confidently state to you, as I believe my duty to myself requires; it is my opinion…the cause will suffer, first, by the enemy so strengthening his position…and so concentrating his recourses against us as to make it necessary perhaps to change our base and adopt other lines of operations and secondly by so far influencing the morale of our troops, who now believe they can at any time march against the enemy with success, as to tend to their demoralization, especially so far as they will attribute their inactivity to the officers immediately commanding them…during the time I have been here, if my orders had not confined me to the defensive and retrained me from operations on the mainland and if I had been supplied with a moderate force of Cavalry, I could have operated with success…If I am permitted, at any time, to assume the offensive I desire authority to control the force on the Rio Grande and also as much cavalry up to two thousand as can be spared me. All the absentees from this command who are now fit for duty and within the department, as well as recruits who are on the way, and two hundred wagons; then our enemies could be captured or whipped out of the State and our friends would take care of the rest...” Much more fine content. Offered together with two other secretarial copies of letters from Dana, one from Oct. 28, 1863 describing the surprise attack on a federal position at Bayou Foruche. In part: “...a detachment composed of parties of the 19th Iowa and 26th Ind. Vol. Infantry and section of artillery were surprised and cut up by four Brigades of the enemy. The suspension of hostilities which at the solicitation of the rebel commander, I consented to, to enable me to bring in the wounded… At daylight yesterday morning I sent out the cavalry…with orders to push a reconnaissance as much beyond the battle field as prudence would allow to push back the pickets of the enemy…” More good content. First letter in very fine condition, the second bears some toning at left margin, else fine. Two pieces. (Est. $400-600)

737. Union Soldier Letters. A.L.S. 4p., Ship Island, Miss., March 25, 1862, in pencil by an unnamed member of the 13th Maine soon after their arrival with Butler’s troops. In part: “…we had a hard time getting here now I can tell you and a glad[d]er child you never see than I was when I got my foot on this Island…I was sea sick most of the time…here my appetite begins to come on…they say that it is a healthy place here it is warm days but colds [sic] nights but we law warm and sleep like mices [sic]. This Island is 15 miles in lenght [sic] and one mile wide and it is white sand look like snow. Their [sic] is 13,000 soldiers on this Island an it is a sight to see them al out on a drill. I can tell you we drill 4 hours in day…I like here first rate and I think that if I am careful and take care of my self that the climate will agree with me and I shall enjoy good health…talk is here among the soldiers that we shall all be home in July…” An optimistic assessment as Ship Island became notorious for sickness and disease among the troops stationed there – and most remained there through 1864! Usual folds, else fine. Offered together with two home-front letters from Massachusetts, one from 1863, the other not dated with routine content. Overall condition very good. Together (3) three pieces. (Est. $100-200)

“Enlisted for the defense of the Stars & Stripes.”

738. The Union home-front. Good content A.L.S. of one J. Grant, 4p., Lancaster, Iowa, May 21, 1861 speculating on the outcome of the secession crisis. In part: “...I have about come to the conclusion that the war excitement has absorbed all your thoughts…If the men whose notes we hold are all gone to the war or are all broke…please to state that fact. If you think I have no right to expect anything more speak it right out, & let me know the worst. I want to know how you all do, how you have proposed the past year & how many of your boys have enlisted for the defense of the Stars & Stripes…We have the fullest confidence that right will triumph & that the gigantic rebellion will be crushed. We believe that the providence of God thus far affords good ground for this confidence…” Partial fold separations, otherwise very good. (Est. $150-200)

Wisconsin’s Senator writes in 1860:

“You speak of Civil War… I am not alarmed… Altho’ Southern bluster just now is unhinging the nerves of many here…”

739. Incredible content letter. 3p. ALS, December 5, 1860, from Wisconsin Senator Charles DURKEE to Miss Miner. Reads; “…Had not business obliged me to take the Northern route, I should have taken the R.R. by Quincy & Springfield, so as to have seen you and the President [Lincoln] elect…You speak of Civil War. For myself, I am not alarmed in the least. Altho’ Southern bluster just now is unhinging the nerves of many here, as elsewhere, they are like quack doctors alarmed at the healthy action of wholesome and efficient medicine that operates just right on the patient. South Carolina may go out of the Union, but no other states that she hopes will follow I think will disappoint her. A little time and some more financial pressure, which they have brought on themselves will bring them all to their senses again in a short time…” Charles Durkee, originally from Vermont, settled in Wisconsin Territory as a young man. He eventually rose in politics to be a Free Soil Party U.S. Representative (1849-53) and Republican Senator. He became involved in agriculture and lumbering, and was a founder of the town of Southport (later Kenosha, Wisconsin). Excellent condition, great content. (Est. $300-500)

740. [Civil War Letter] Washington, D.C., June 15th 1864, on letterhead of “Washington Arsenal” from “Willie” to “Baum.” Willie complains about the high cost of food and clothing. “I suppose you saw that the Senate confirmed my appointment the last of May. In anticipation of receiving my commission, I have deferred drawing pay till I could settle my volunteer a/c…I shall after all be glad to be ordered to another Post, for this is ruinously expensive for Officers not receiving Commutation… McKee was ordered away as Siegel’s Chief of Ordce. in West Va… McKee has returned after participating in Siegel’s skedaddle and speaks we think with a German accent… ordered a half dozen shirts as they had gone up $6 and I got skeered… I have to pay $8 for a dozen cotton socks… I am retained as Post Adjutant… The countersign tonight is Horseshoe Bend…” A typical missive revealing everyday matters and concerns. (Est. $150-200)

Swearing support for the Confederacy.

741. [Confederate] Manuscript Legal Document, 2p., Fox’s Mill, Wilcox County, AL, May 6, 1864. The first page is a $1,000 bond required by law, coinciding with the election as constable of William J. Lamkin. The second page is a sworn oath by Lamkin that he “...will support the Constitution of the Confederate States and the Constitution of the State of Alabama and that I have not directly or indirectly given accepted or knowingly carried a challenge in writing or otherwise to any person being a Citizen of this State to fight with deadly weapons either in or out of this State or aided or abetted in the same…” Signed by Lamkin, several witnesses, and the Judge of Probate Court. GREAT! (Est. $200-400)

742. Woman’s Home-Front Letter – Food is Expensive! A.L.S. “Laura Blood” 4p. 8vo. on patriotic stationery, Philadelphia, Feb. 18, 1862 to her brother William O. Blood in Washington with the 6th N.J. bringing him up to date on news back home; quoting him some of the high prices for basic foodstuffs: “eatables (alone) from four and half and five dollars…a week, everything is very dear…”. She also comments on the lack of work due to the economic disruption caused by the war: “…there is no work now, as time as so hard, almost all of the Factories have closed…” She also mentions a recent religious conversion commenting “We are having very good meetings now at church, last Sunday…there were twelve penitent sinners went forward to be prayed for, Cousin Mary was one of the number…” More good content. With transmittal envelope. (Est. $80-100)

743. (RAIDING THE UPPER SHENANDOAH) A great war-date Union soldier’s 4p., by Comm. Sgt. Edwin B. Paine, Co. E, 9th NY Cavalry, Pleasant Valley, MD March 15, 1865 to a girlfriend concerning raiding the upper Shenandoah (as the valley residents see it) in mid March 1865. In part: “…perhaps you would like to share how nice we engaged this last raid. Well, only for bad weather we should have enjoyed it…best…we had to fight the rebels & the elements…though we did not pay much attention to the storm, but kept on the forward movement compelling the enemy to make a retrograde one…they were not able to withstand…our gallant commander charges, which struck both along their lines…we drove them about 30 miles before…they thought to destroy the yank Cavalry…at Drains Bourough…they tried to do something, but soon found that the Yanks was too much for them & was on all sides of them before they knew it & the only thing they could do was surrender…about 1200 rebs fell into the hands of the Bloody Yanks with 8 pieces of Artillery & over one hundred wagons with 13 battle flags. Well mister [Jubal] Early felt sick & run off or he to would have been taken with his staff, which stood & got captured…well after this N[ew] Y[ork] regt…was sent to escort the [captured] Johnes to Winchester where in due time we arrived without loss of prisoners…we was tried [attacked] several times…” (Unsigned giving impression of being a partial letter, but it appears only the closing is absent still bearing excellent content.) Paine enlisted in 1861 and was captured during the opening of the Gettysburg Campaign in early June 1863. He was paroled days later and fought throughout the remainder of the war, finishing in the 9th NY Cavalry after his company was consolidated into that unit. (Est. $250-350)

“…before this war broke out I confess I was somewhat of a warm friend to the Black man – but my views are entirely changed…”

744. A Union Abolitionist changes his mind in the heat of war. A group of four (4) A.L.S.’s, one incomplete, from a Union soldier “Guss”, a member of the 106th PA Volunteers. 20p. in total, various locations, Jan. 16 & 24, July 12, & Aug. 2, 1862. The letters read in small part: “[c. July 12, 1862] increasingly warm so much so that one half of the Army are completely prostrated there has been very little rain for two weeks so that the earth has become completely parched and burnt up destruction has laid waste… large Fields of Wheat and Oats that was ready to be gathered in have been utterly and totally destroyed… Camp Near Harrison’s Landg, Augt. 3/62… you asked me if I am an abolitionist You say Grey informed you I was. he has my old views of the subject. before this war broke out I confess I was some what of a warm friend to the Black man but my views are entirely changed… were I to met an abolitionist – or a Rebel which one to capture I think I should choose the former for I look upon them as the destroyers of our country truly I hate them so you can tell Grey he is slightly mistaken…” Light toning, usual folds, very good. GREAT content that reveals how attitudes often changed in the face of hardship. (Est. $250-350)

“…they was off in the Cherokee Nation

as teamsters in Gen. Stanwalter’s

Indian army… the JayHawkies

took my 2 Best mules…”

745. Confederate Refugee Letter. Facinating A.L.S. by G. Eldridge, 4to., Springfield, Mo., Aug. 22, 1863 to a friend catching up on family matters and relating his family’s flight from South Carolina into Missouri, Kansas, Iowa and Tennessee – including several stints with the Confederate army as a teamster. He writes, in part (spelling errors not corrected): “I have not heard one word from you Since my wife was there in [18]60. I left Greenville, S.C. on the 12 of Nov with 2 Mules and waggons & all my boyes Exsep. John he was an Actor in A theatrical Comp[any]. and was at that time traveling in North Carolina he wanted to Stay with them until Spring the war broke out and travel corespondince between the North & south was Stopd is one reason I did not write…I did not here from him until last winter I got A letter from him he was in Ft. Delaware A Prisenor of war. I was then in Grants Army in Mis Cheif Saddler in Sherman’s Division at $60. per month the 3 youngest Boys was teamsters in our Division train got $25 per month. I got up sufficient papers from the Gen and others to have him Released and Sent North but before they got those he was exchanged and sent to Richmond not heard from him sine we are all very mutch [sic] troubled about him…not heard from Rallin since last fall I left him in St. Louis from Greenville we crossed the Mountains to Louisville T. then to St. Lluis we wated [sic] thare for Ft Smith on the Arkansas River U Indian Nation line we got thare all Safe and Sound… did not Sleep in A hour for 40 days…in Sept they forsed Samuel & Charles…as they was off in the Cherokee Nation as Teamsters in Gen Stanwalter’s Indian army they all came to the Battle of Pea Ridge commanded by Van Dorn McClellan & Price & the Federals By Gen. Curtis Segal & thay pressed my Mules & wagon I thought best to go & drive that I might get them back…we ware Badly whip[p]ed…our army very mutch Scattered we took this Chance to get away I stopped on the 12 of April 1862 with 2 mules & Gusta & wife & Ally I left 2 fine mules with good union Friend for Sam & Charles & Rallin pressed Rebel while I left 3 days ahe[a]d they overtook me in 90 miles all without Eney troubel [sic] the next day the JayHawkies took my 2 Best mules Double Bar[r]el Shot gun Six Sho[o]ter we was going North for Kansas they camne to our Camp in thenight this brought tears from our eyes as it made A big hole in our property I had but 8 or 10 in money as I spent it all for this property. The Next Morning I truned my course for this place as I new the union troops held it the 3 oldest Boys took teems to Drive in curtises Army at this place & went through to Hellena on the Mississip river & all that went that march will not Forget it Son as they Came Near Perishing for water & food. I wagoned About A month Made Some Money & Started for Kansas got thare did not like it sold my mules & Waggon went to St. Louis in Seteemer then up the Mississip[p]i to Davenport Iowa Hired a house… got Situation as harness maker in the Divison with the boys late Last Fall our Command was Moved to Piolot Knob in South Eastern Missouri it was windy and cold we did not like marching in the Sno & cold amongst tham Mountains. So we quit went up to Iowa…very windy and cold…did not sute [sic] eney of us…wend Down the River to Memphis got A Situation all together… in A Secesh House Free rent…” More great content from not the most literate man on the planet! (Est. $200-300)

Wishing for more Stonewall’s and Lee’s… with a reference to “Old Zack”!

746. [Confederate Correspondence] A wonderful letter from a concerned Southern parent seeking news of his son. Jackson, LA, January 18, 1863, on embossed letterhead of J. B. Camden, New Orleans, 2p. Camden inquires as to whether his son Willie has received the packages sent to him, and frets over Willie’s lack of letter writing to his aunt. He also comments extensively on the military situation: “…Here we get very little news from N.O. and that is always bad, no place has suffered more than those people, and all along the Coast up to Baton Rouge, and down to Lafourche, they have carried devastation in their march…At Port Hudson we are in good condition for them, and waiting their motion. I do not think they will ever attack the place. Certain I am they cannot take it, unless Treachery gives it to them as it did N.O. At Vicksburg you have heard we have given them another defeat…Let them come. There is no fear for that place now that Genl Sibley (has superseded Genl. Dick Taylor, whose a very poor representative for his father, glorious old Zack and) is in command on other the other side of the Mississippi River…Oh for some more Stonewall’s and Lee’s! Then we would make short work of it…” Two minor holes, very legible. An excellent letter from the Southern perspective! (Est. $300-500)

747. [War Fever Commentary] A good, early Union soldier’s letter, an A.L.S. of future Major Solomon Giles of the 3rd New York Light Artillery, 4p. Weedsport, [N.Y.], Apr. 28, 1861 to his parents informing them on the excitement over the newly organized regiment. In part: “…this morning Mr. Warner Preached…this afternoon he was going to preach a war Sermon…Every body here is wild with excitement about war they have formed a volunteer Company and have already got 60 volunteers of whom Mr. [Solomon] Giles is Captain. The citizens have raised a fund of $3,500 for the familys [sic] of the volunteers and expect to make it $5,000. Most all of the people wear Union badges and some wear Neck ties of red white & Blue The ladies wear aprons of the same colors. There are a great many flag[s] flying from store & private dwel[l]ing. We have the stars & stripes in one of our windows in the store and the back of the store is festooned with the stars & stripes…” Early in 1862, Captain Giles would be promoted to Major and would serve in North Carolina and Fortress Monroe before resigning his commission in May, 1863. Lightly toned at extreme margins usual folds, else very good. (Est. $250-500)

748. [Indiana War Politicals] Fine political content A.L.S. signed (secretarially) by prominent Democrats of Fort Wayne, Indiana, 2p. 4to., Fort Wayne, April 7, 1863 to Congressman Samuel S. Cox of Ohio requesting him to speak before “…a Mass convention in the city of Fort Wayne, on the 29th day of April instant, to take counsel together for the good of our Country whose peril now demands the best thoughts and efforts of all the people. The men who will constitute this convention…are devoted to the Constitutional Government of the United Sates, and are determined to do their part to save it- to restore its rightful supremacy, and to maintain it in its integrity- they believe the Constitutional life of the nation, is in peril, not alone form the armed power of a Confederation of Federal States which have for inadequate causes, and upon false theories attempted to break the bonds of Union, but also from the destructive and revolutionary principles and measures of the men who now control the Federal administration…” Typical folds else fine condition. A fun read! (Est. $200-400)

“I look upon the Cooper Institute fanatics or Traiters (sic) as greater enemies of our Institution than the Southern Traiters…I have confidence however in Lincoln…”

749. [On Traitors & Copperheads] A good political content letter of S. Brush, 4p., Canandaiqua, NY, Mar. 10, 1862 to Congressman Samuel S. Cox concerning his recent address in congress: “I have been intending for some time to write you to congratulate you on your great success in your speech in reply to Mr Gurley… I know that at this time the most valuable Services can be performed in the councils of the Nation, in holding in check the efforts of the Malignant Traiters [sic] to our constitution, who desire to destroy all that is valuable and dear to us, in their insane effort to abolish slavery and reduce Sovereign States to the condition of dependent Provinces – Such a Policy could not be carried out as it would end in he successful resistance of the Southern Traiters, by uniting every born Soul in resistance to the Scheme, but if once inaugurated, it would totally ruin our own Section (the Free States) financially, politically and socially – I look upon the cooper Institute fanatics or Traiters as greater enemies of our Institution than the Southern Traiters, become more dangerous. I have confidence however in Lincoln, a part of the Cabinet, in Stanton, and the Military Generals, and none in a large part of the Republican members of Congress and the Political general. We must stick to McClellan, Halleck, Buell, etc and If the worst comes and we are to have a division in the south, I trust in God, McClellan will serve all Northern Traiters, as Brownwell did the Long Parliament…I received a Copy of your Speech in the Columbus Gazette and circulated amongst my neighbors…I am compelled by my Conservative principles to look to the Democratic Party of the North as the Palladium of the constitution but the Southern Democrats are Traitors and the Old Southern Whigs are the true friends of the Constitution in the South.” (Est. $200-300)

750. An “old line Whig” sucks up to Governor Seymour! An A.L.S. of C. C. Egan, 3p. [New York], Nov. 15, 1862 to governor-elect of New York, Horatio Seymour. “Allow me to congratulate you on the glorious, conservative victory, achieved by the Democrats, & Whigs, at the late election, in the overthrow of Republican misrule…As an old line Whig, I battled upon the stump, & elsewhere, in 1860, in conjunction with Democratic friends, to defeat the present administration; and this fall, after the Troy & Albany conventions, I attended the meeting of the Conference committees in this city, & aided in effecting the unanimous endorsement by the Whig party…I now rejoice that our labors have not been in vain; the Rubicon is passed- the state is redeemed, & the nation’s hopes of a speedy termination of the War, and of an honorable peace are revived, & strengthened…” After a bit more buttering up, Mr. Egan comes to the inevitable introduction of a worthy office seeker, a former Union surgeon debilitated by malaria. Light folds and soiling, else very good. (Est. $200-300)

751. “We shall bury the Copperhead very deep I think.” A good political content A.L.S. of John Lynch, 1p., Portland, Sept. 5, 1864 to W. P. Fessenden, then serving as Lincoln’s Secretary of the Treasury: “Political matters are looking much better than when I saw you last. The announcement of Sec Stanton that the d[ra]ft is reduced and postponed, coming as it does with the fall of Atlanta lifts the people out of the ‘slough of despond’ and makes them feel well. Our meetings are Numerous and very fully attended. The people are again waking up and I think we shall Carry the City and dist[rict] if not the state by as large majority as last year. The Copperheads are perfectly surprised at the onslaught we have made on them with speakers and documents. The Nomination of McClellan was what we wanted, it falls like ‘a wet blanket’ inspiring no Confidence and Creating no Enthusiasm. You may depend upon a good account from Portland and the first dist. We shall bury the Copperhead very deep I think.” Offered with a second letter to Fessenden by Lynch, Oct. 12, 1864 requesting an appointment for a friend. Two pieces, usual folds, else very good. (Est. $200-300)

752. “William H. Seward is a #@$#! traitor!” Fine political content A.L.S of Amasa McCoy, 8p., Harrisburg, Jan. 24 – Feb. 3, 1863 to Pennsylvania Congressman, James B. McKean lambasting William Seward’s policies toward the South. Obviously spitting mad, Mr. McCoy writes, in very small part: “…You express some fears that Mr. Lincoln would not gather any better men about him.’ Even if they were not better naturally…yet if they came in as the result of this pressure of public opinion, they would certainly better execute that opinion,. So far, public opinion, as declared by the acts of Congress, has been defeated by Mr Seward. Congress, the Army, the navy, the people, are all defeated by this one man. Mr Seward is the escape-valve through which the just rage, the righteous anger of all true patriots, has been whiffed off into the clouds, instead of being turned scalding hot upon the rebels. Talk of the right of a State to nullify – why all your solemn acts of legislation by which you aim to brand and punish this as treason, are all nullified, are all made contemptible, by the sleight-of-hand-tricks of this one performer…A public no-confidence vote by the House…would have the force of law…As such the President would see that he must obey…I can well understand how a Congressman may start back at such a demonstration. but let no one who refuses to make it complain of McClellan for not making a demonstration on Richmond. Why has not the rebel Capital been taken by the national forces? Because the national Capital has been taken by the Rebel forces! the State Department, and through that department, the Executive Mansion, is under the control of the Rebels’ best friend…I am no alarmist…But this I say to you, as a private Citizen, to one in power, that the question before you patriots in Congress, is simply whether you will take this Government out of the hands of its enemies, and put it into the hands of its friends…Why did Jefferson Davis give orders to hang Butler? Because Butler, treating treason as treason, was damaging the Rebel cause. Why did Mr. Seward remove Butler? Because Butler was damaging the Rebel cause. Who are the best friends of the Rebellion? Jefferson Davis and William H. Seward. Who communicated to Jefferson Davis the fact that Butler was to be removed? Who?…” More angry content comparing Seward to Buchanan and begging his correspondent to “Stop this ‘fire in the rear,’ and our brave soldiers will take care of the traitors in arms; but only Congress can crush out this cruel, this wicked, this infamous, this damnable treason in the Cabinet…” Fine condition. (Est. $300-500)

753. [Guarding Commissioners Slidell and Mason after the Trent Affair] A great war-date Union Colonel’s letter, 2p. by Col. Francis J. Parker 32nd Mass. Vols., Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, Dec. 11, 61 to his wife concerning guarding Confederate Commissioners Mason and Slidell after the Trent Affair! In part: “I am not as miserable as I expected to be. The officers and men of my command heave a realizing sense of the fact that somebody has arrived. The Colonel overwhelmed with the multiplicity of his affairs seems quite willing to place the [1st Mass.] battalion in my hands the officers are excellent men and the men show every willingness to perfect themselves in their duty this evening I had the captains at my quarters for instruction. One of them asked another what he should do if he entered the men’s quarters and found them playing cards. ‘Well’ said the other ‘I think I should sit down and take a hand myself’. He had better not let me catch him at it of the prisoners [Commissioners Slidell and Mason] I know nothing. Not one of them is known to me by sight excepting the few that I had known elsewhere Mason is very confident that his release will be demanded by the British government. Quite a stir was made last night outside the fortress by a British barque drifting ashore where it stuck fast until this afternoon, but we inside of course knew nothing about it.” Very good. (Est. $150-250)

754. A medical officer in the 98th NY on passing soldiers and upcoming campaigns. Extensive 12p. ALS from Sylvester Willard, Lt. (later Captain) 98th New York Infantry, Albany, December 6, 1862, with postal-canceled cover addressed to his brother in Connecticut, it reads in part: “…I think I told you…of my interview with Col. Rucker the Quartermaster of Transportation… and of my posting over to General Meigs office for the same purpose… All utterly refused me transportation… Crossing the Delaware river at Philadelphia I met Mrs. Genl. Terry who came on the cars at Baltimore… by the Fortress Monroe Boat… I did not endorse the sentiments of the Vermont Colonel. I can foresee that we may, if we will, occupy Richmond in thirty days. If Banks with 50,000 men goes up the James River & Burnside with 120,000 presses forward from Fredericksburg against the broken columns of the Enemy, why may it not be so. It seems to me that such is the plan of the Campaign. My labors as Medical Examiner were great….My report was first to the Surgeon General…My examinations are known to have been rigid, yet my rejections are only 1 in 3 1/10…My article ‘Medical Examinations’ is in the Medical & Surgical Reporter just received….” Much more, quite fine. (Est. $200-300)

Extraordinary Civil War “Soldier’s Art”

Drawn by Charles H. Webber of the 23rd Mass.

755. [CIVIL WAR – SOLDIER’S ARTWORK]. An exceptional, large drawing of Union troops hauling a cannon with additional troops marching up from the rear. Measures 15 x 8″ with rounded upper corners. A fine local scenery is drawn in the background which includes a house, fences and trees. The drawing is complete acomplished in pencil and an inscription has been penned by Charles H. Webber, “Our troops hauling our cannons through the mud before the fight at Newbern, C. H. Webber.” Charles Webber served in the 23rd Massachusetts which saw action at Newbern in January of 1862 and September of 1863. A choice piece of folk art depicting Union soldiers during action at Newbern, North Carolina. (Est. $1,000-1,500)

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